1  THE EFFECTS OF COMPUTERS ON THE CIVIL ENGINEERING PROFESSION 

1.1 
The Realities of Computing Needs in Professional Practices
W.T. Bell 
1 
1.2 
The Evolution of Effective Use of Computers in a Design Office for Drawing and Design
A.S. Harper 
7 
1.3 
Legal and Ethical Issues for Civil and Structural Engineering Computer Users
M. Sales and B.H.V. Topping 
15 
1.4 
Program Development, Maintenance and Support
R.H. Lee and R.A. Rao 
23 
1.5 
The Use of Computers in Civil and Structural Engineering in the West Indies  An Overview
M.W. Chin 
27 
2  THE USE OF COMPUTERS ON THE CONSTRUCTION SITE 

2.1 
Some Uses of Micro Computers in Site Management
M.R. Devonshire and H.C. Devonshire 
33 
2.2 
Some Applications of Computer based Planning and Information Systems in The Construction Site Environment
S.B. Davies 
45 
2.3 
Mexican Experience in the Use of MicroComputers on the Construction Site
J. HartasanchezGarana 
53 
3  COMPUTERS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING MANAGEMENT 

3.1 
Information Technology Planning for Construction Companies
C.M. Turk 
59 
3.2 
Project Control Information Systems: Performance, Interfaces, Security and Control Issues
R.S. Otter 
69 
3.3 
CASPAR  A Program for Engineering Project Appraisal and Management
P.A. Thompson and G. Willmer 
75 
3.4 
Development of a Microcomputer based Model for Road Investment in Developing Countries
R.H. Kerali, L.L. Parsley, R. Robinson and M.S. Snaith 
83 
3.5 
The Application of Portable Computers to Production Analysis
M.W. Emsley and F.C. Harris 
87 
3.6 
QumicQuantities on Micro
L.M. Hughes 
95 
3.7 
Computerised Estimating and Preparation of Bills of Quantities
R.J. Anderson and D.T.A. Kitley 
103 
3.8 
Computing for Project Management  The Next Generation
M. Barnes, A. Clarb and A. Norman 
111 
4  DATA BASES: MANAGEMENT, STORAGE AND ANALYSIS 

4.1 
A Microcomputer Database and Information System for Engineering Management
J.S. Maxwell 
115 
4.2 
Database and Data Communications  The Relevance to Civil Engineering Industry
A.P. Munton 
123 
4.3 
Computer Storage, Management and Analysis of Data Arising from Investigations into Structural Deterioration
T.J.A. Agar and C.J. Kendall 
131 
4.4 
The Scope of Microcomputer based Road Maintenance Management Packages for Use in Developing Countries
M.S. Snaith, R. Robinson, W.T. Bell and H.R. Kerali 
135 
5  COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN 

5.1 
BUILDSA: A ThreeDimensional Analysis Program for Building Structure
CK. Choi and ED. Kim 
141 
5.2 
Computer Aided Design of Wood Trusses using Nailplate Connectors
M. Mikkola, Kakela and Pihlaja Oy 
149 
5.3 
The Drawing Office as a Flexible Manufacturing System
D. Walker 
155 
5.4 
CAD  Panacea or Pain
L.M. Szarski 
161 
5.5 
A New Generation of High Standard Computer Programs to Make Static Calculations and Drawings for Structural Engineering Constructions Automatically
F. Derflinger 
167 
5.6 
Post Processing the Design Details  Trends and Techniques
C.V. Vaidyanathan 
173 
6  COMPUTER AIDED DRAFTING 

6.1 
CADD  The Direction and Consequences for the Design Office
D. Taffs 
179 
6.2 
Computer Aided Design and Drafting  Achieving the Benefits
R.N. MacDonald 
183 
6.3 
Introduction, Use and Management of Computer Aided Drafting in the Construction Industry
D.J. Verran 
187 
6.4 
Surface Modelling in The Context of a General Drafting System
M.P. McGarry 
195 
7  THE USE OF MICROCOMPUTERS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 

7.1 
Some MicroComputer Applications in Structural Analysis and Design
U.D. Madi 
201 
7.2 
GREASE  a MicroComputer Graphical Extensions for Architecture and Structural Engineering
H.P. Santo 
205 
7.3 
The Development of the STRAND Structural Analysis Package
H.B. Harrison 
213 
7.4 
Microcomputer Software for Steel and Composite Structural Elements
L. Lawo 
221 
7.5 
Automated Design of NonEquipment Bridges
B.W. Golley, M.F. Hender and J. Petrolito 
227 
8  THE USE OF MICROCOMPUTERS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 

8.1 
Computer Aided Concrete Mix Design
K.C. Hover 
233 
8.2 
Visual Grading of Timber with a Computer
A. Jospeh and A.K. Sharma 
239 
9  STRUCTURAL CONFIGURATION AND ANALYSIS 

9.1 
TENSYL: An Integrated CAD Approach to Stressed Membrane Structures
D.S. Wakefield 
247 
9.2 
Determination of Cable Roof Configurations using Formex Algebra
K. AhmadiKashani, A.J. Bell and T.Y. Ho 
255 
9.3 
Formex Algebra in a Design Office
S.C. Baird and P.G. King 
265 
9.4 
Numerical Data in the Development of MultiDiscipline Projects
U.K. Bunni and I.N.A. Cheah 
273 
10  ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 

10.1 
Programs for a Bridge Design Office
S.R. Sangakkara and A. Low 
281 
10.2 
The Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beam and Column Sections
R.H. Scott, A.T. Stevens and S. Black 
291 
10.3 
Nonlinear Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Structures
H. Corres and J. Leon 
297 
10.4 
Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams in Torsion
D.V. Phillips and M.S. Mohamed 
305 
10.5 
Concrete Building Design in Your Pocket
J.J. Shiel and R.G. Smith 
313 
10.6 
Micro CP110
J. Siefert and M.J. Wyatt 
319 
11  ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES 

11.1 
Design Equations for Gusset Plates based upon Nonlinear Connection Analysis
R.M. Richard and G.C. Williams 
327 
11.2 
Influence of Torsional Stiffness of IGirders in the Analysis of Curved Girder Bridges
A.K. Azad, M.H. Baluch and A. Ali 
335 
11.3 
Bolted Moment Connections with EndPlates in Structural Steel Frames
I. KhanKernahan and A.K. Sharma 
341 
12  PLASTIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF FRAMES 

12.1 
Comuter Aided Demonstratin of ElastoPlastic Behaviour of Steel Members
K.T. Leung and M.U. Hosain 
349 
12.2 
Plastic Design and Stability of OneStorey Frames
Y. Delos 
353 
12.3 
On Computer Plastic Analysis of Framed Structures
E. Erbatur 
357 
12.4 
The Minimum Weight Concept in Interactive Plastic Design
A. Jennings and T.H.K. Tam 
363 
13  OPTIMUM STRUCTURAL DESIGN 

13.1 
Minimum Weight Design of ColdFormed Steel Sections
V. Thevendran and N.E. Shanmugam 
369 
13.2 
Linear Programming in Prestressed Trusses
R. Levy 
377 
13.3 
A Rapid Optimization Procedure for Laminated Composite Plates
L. Weiji 
383 
13.4 
A Structural Optimization Programming System for Teaching and Design
D.J. Gunarahnam 
391 
14  ANALYSIS OF PLATES 

14.1 
Elasticity Versus Finite Strip Analysis or Orthotropic Folded Plates
M.J. Lowreym 
399 
14.2 
ElastoPlastic Large Deflection Analysis of Circular Plates  A Comparison Between FullSection and Layered Yield Criteria Predications
G.J. Turvey and N.G.V. Der Avanessian 
405 
14.3 
The Improvement of Stress Fields using the AssumedStress Hybrid Approach
H.C. Huang and J.Y. Zhang 
415 
15  DYNAMIC PROBLEMS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 

15.1 
A Unified Approach to the Static, Buckling and Vibration Analysis and Design of Structures with Collinear Nodes using MicroComputers
W.P. Howson and F.W. Williams 
1 
15.2 
Nonlinear Seismic Analysis of ShearType Buildings
M. Sobaih and A.S. Hussein 
9 
15.3 
Symbolic Computing for the Analysis of Wind Turbine Dymamics
D.C. Quarton and A.D. Garrad 
17 
15.4 
A Computer Model for BridgeVehicle Systems
P. Swannell, C.W. Miller and R. Duczmal 
25 
16  FINITE ELEMENT ANALYSIS OF LARGE SYSTEMS 

16.1 
The Use of Supercomputers to Solve Large NonLinear Structural Analysis Problems
R.A. Parris and S. Gupta 
33 
16.2 
Structural Analysis of Circular Concrete Tanks for Water Treatment and Storage using SHELAX, a Finite Element Analysis Program for Axisymmetric Structures
A.J. Davis 
41 
16.3 
Analysis of Large Systems  Arch Dams
J.P.F. O'Connor 
49 
16.4 
Hierarchical Refinement in Finite Element Incremental Contact Problem Analysis
L.R. Fang and L.Y. Cheng 
57 
16.5 
The LUCAS Finite Element System with Reference to the Construction Industry
D.J. Irving and L.P.R. Lyons 
63 
17  NONLINEAR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 

17.1 
Numerical Analysis of Bifurcation Equilibrium Paths of Geometrically Nonlinear Structures
F. Nishino, W. Hartono, O. Fujiwara and P. Kadasudhi 
71 
17.2 
A Basic Program for NonLinear MDF Systems
S. Ginsburgh 
79 
17.3 
NonLinear Analysis of Stompdrift MultiArch Dam
J.P.F. O'Connor 
83 
17.4 
NonLinear Rayleigh  Ritz Analysis by Microcomputer
G.W. Hunt, R.G. Cowell and P.G. Duxbury 
91 
18  MATRIX SOLUTION SCHEMES 

18.1 
An Algorithm for Profile and Wavefront Reduction in Finite Element Analysis
S.W. Sloan 
99 
18.2 
Static Condensation for Symmetric Banded Matrices with Minimum Memory Requirements
A. Recurero and J.P. Gutierrez 
105 
18.3 
Numerical Error or Elimination Method for Large Sparse Set of Linear Equations
T. Tanaguchi, N. Shiraishi and A. Soga 
111 
19  STATIC AND DYNAMIC REANALYSIS 

19.1 
RankUpdating Techniques in Reanalysis
A. Jennings 
119 
19.2 
A Boundary Element RowSolver Algorithm for the Reanalysis of Problems with Uncertain Boundary
M.C. Au 
125 
19.3 
Dynamic Reanalysis
J.P.A. Burns and D.R. Green 
131 
19.4 
Static Reanalysis of Structures: A Review
A.M. Abu Kassim and B.H.V. Topping 
137 
20  THE THEOREMS OF STRUCTURAL VARIATION 

20.1 
Theorems of Structural Variations  Concerning the Inverse of the Stiffness Matrix
A.A. Filali 
149 
20.2 
Nonlinear Analysis of Space Trusses by the Theorem of Structural Variation
M.P. Saka and T. Celik 
153 
20.3 
The Theorems of Structural Variation for Linear and Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis
A.M. Abu Kassim and B.H.V. Topping 
159 
21  UNCERTAINTY IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 

21.1 
Optimum Aseismic Design using Fuzzy Sets and Empirical Connectives
H. Futura, K. Furukawa, N. Ahirashi and J.T.P. Yao 
173 
21.2 
Optimum Structural Design under Uncertainty
A.B. Templeman, Q. LingXi and L. Xingsi 
179 
21.3 
Logical Interference from Uncertain Knowledge in Civil Engineering
D.I. Blockley 
185 
21.4 
Response Functions in Reliability Analysis of Structural Systems
D.M. Frangopol and R. Nakib 
189 
22  ANALYSIS AND ASSESSMENT: MASONRY AND REINFORCED CONCRETE BRIDGES 

22.1 
Applications of NonLinear Finite Element Codes to Masonry Arches
K.D.S. Towler 
197 
22.2 
The Assessment of Load Carrying Capacity of Masonry Arch Bridges
S.R. Davies 
203 
22.3 
Assessment and Design of Masonry Arch Structures using a Microcomputer
W.J. Harvey 
207 
22.4 
Computer Methods for the Analysis of Masonry Arches
M.A. Crisfield 
213 
22.5 
Numerical Assessment of Existing Concrete Structures
G. Baker and A.D. Edwards 
221 
23  WATER ENGINEERING: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN 

23.1 
The Use of a Microcomputer for the Simulation of Flows in the Dunfermline Sewerage System
C. Jeffries and R.M. Ashley 
229 
23.2 
Determining the Least Cost Spanning Network for a System of Pipes by the Use of Dynamic Programming
G.A. Waters and S.J. McKechnie 
237 
23.3 
Real Time River Flow Forecasting
A. Dickson and G. Fleming 
245 
23.4 
A Program for Seepage Analysis based on a Boundary Integral Method
L.T. Isaacs 
253 
23.5 
Computer Aided Design of Wastewater Treatment Plants
D.J. Elliorr and J. Pocas 
259 
24  COMPUTERS AND SURVEYING 

24.1 
Developments in Field Computing for Pipeline Work
D.J. Gedge 
267 
24.2 
Computer Aided Hydrographic Surveying
J.C. McIlwrath 
273 
25  GEOTECHNICAL ANALYSIS AND DESIGN 

25.1 
Automated Design of Pile Group Geometry
A.R. Selby and C.N. Jolley 
277 
25.2 
Numerical Modelling of a Plate Anchor
D.A. Pooniah 
281 
25.3 
Computer Design of Pile Foundations by Critical Depth Method
T.A.H. Dodd 
291 
26  GEOTECHNICAL DATA PROCESSING 

26.1 
GEOSHARE  Geotechnical Data Processing for Analytical Results
D.E. Wainwright, L.A. Wood and E.V. Tucker 
297 
26.2 
Microcomputer Framework for Geotechnical Site Characterisation
N. Duplancic and G.A. Righetti 
303 
27  DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS 

27.1 
Data Acquisition and Communications using Unattended Computers
R.L. Sack, J.J. Pinkard and J.S. Haldeman 
309 
27.2 
The Use of Computers for Building Monitoring and Management
R.I. Lewis 
317 
27.3 
A MicroComputer Controlled Hydraulic Loading System for Structures Laboratories
S. Fyffe and S. Sarkar 
325 
27.4 
Computer Control of a Complex Fatigue Test
A.F. Dier and R.E. Hobbs 
331 
27.5 
Automated Testing of ThinWalled Steel Structures under Repetitive Loading by Microcomputer System
Y. Niwa, E. Watanabe and H. Isami 
337 
28  DATA ACQUISITION AND CONTROL SYSTEMS  GEOTECHNICAL AND SOIL TESTING APPLICATIONS 

28.1 
Continuous Loading Consolidation Tests
L.R. Davison 
345 
28.2 
An Application of Microcomputers to the Laboratory Testing of Soils
D.B. Clinton and R.I. Woods 
349 
28.3 
Computer Aided Data Logging
A. Prince 
353 
28.4 
From Test to Report: A Versatile Data Handling System for Civil Engineering Laboratories
S. Fyffe and G.A. Murray 
361 
28.5 
An Intelligent DataLogger Applied to Soils Testing
V.G. Over 
367 
28.6 
Microcomputer Controlled Dynamic Testing of Geotextile Separating Membranes in Road Construction
C. Davis, S.R Cochrane and A. Thompson 
377 
28.7 
Monitoring Pile Hammer Performance
T.J. Poskitt, I.J. Solomon and G. Ward 
381 
29  EXPERT SYSTEMS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 

29.1 
Can Expert Systems Help the Construction Industry?
D.M. Wager 
387 
29.2 
KnowledgeBased Expert Systems in Structural Engineering
H. Adeli 
391 
29.3 
The Integration of an Expert System into the Construction Planning Process
D.A. Wijesundera and F.C. Harris 
399 
29.4 
Implementation Issues of Hydrological Expert Systems  A Civil Engineering Case Study
K. Ahmad, A.J. Langdon, W.D. Moss and R.K. Price 
407 
29.5 
Some Experiences from Evaluating Expert System Shell Programs and Some Potential Applications
R.J. Allwood, D.J. Stewart and E.G. Trimble 
415 
30  THE IMPACT OF COMPUTERS ON CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING EDUCATION 

30.1 
The Effects of Developments in the Use of Microcomputers at North American Universities
J. Christian 
421 
30.2 
"CECILS"  An Application of Individualised Teaching Through CBE
W.M. Jenkins 
425 
30.3 
MicrocomputerAided Education of Structural Engineers
S. Ginsburg 
431 
30.4 
A Problem Solving Approach to the Teaching of Civil Engineering Computing
P. Swannell and L.T. Isaacs 
435 
30.5 
Computers in Civil Engineering Education  A Multidimensional Resource
R.H. Lee and A.R. Rao 
439 
30.6 
Computer Aided Education in Structural Engineering
N. Haritos 
443 
30.7 
Preparing Civil Engineering Graduates for a Computer Oriented Career
P.J. Hoadley 
449 
30.8 
Computer Assisted Learning in Structural Steel Design
I.W. Burgess, G.W. Owens, R. Plank and H.D. Wright 
455 
30.9 
A Computer Aided Learning Package on Stiffness Method and its Application
J.M. Ko, P.K.S. Lam and C.W. Wong 
461 
30.10 
Computer Aided Instruction for the Design of Steel
K.W. Marr and F.E. Otte II 
467 
30.11 
The Use of Computers and Computer Graphics in the Teaching of Structural Analysis
A.G. Smyrell 
473 
30.12 
A Simple and Effective Computer Aided Instruction System
M.U. Hosain 
479 
30.13 
Computer Aided Instruction in Engineering Surveying
P.H. Milne 
483 