Preliminaries 
I  NEW FRAMEWORKS FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS SESSION ORGANISED BY PROFESSOR F. BONTEMPI 
1 
Handling Model Approximations and Human Factors in Complex Structure Analyses
L. Sgambi 
2 
The Robust Design of Long Span Suspension Bridges
L. Catallo 
3 
A Genetic Algorithm Approach for Performance Evaluation of Long Span Suspension Bridges
L. Sgambi and F. Bontempi 
4 
Requirements and Main Aspects of an Intelligent Monitoring System for Long Span Bridges
K. Gkoumas 
5 
The Heightening of an Old Masonry Gravity Dam
S. Manenti, U. Ravaglioli and F. Bontempi 
6 
Heuristic Methods for Solving Direct and Inverse Problems of Complex Structural Systems
S. Arangio 
7 
Multilevel Approaches to the Analysis and Synthesis of the Serviceability Performance of a Long Span Suspension Bridge
F. Bontempi and F. Giuliano 
II  INNOVATIVE TECHNOLOGY AND MANAGEMENT FOR CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING SESSION ORGANISED BY PROFESSOR N.F. PAN 
8 
Applying TRIZ to the Construction Industry
Y.H. Lin and P.C. Lee 
9 
Performance Prediction of Highway Bridges using Fuzzy Regression Models
N.F. Pan 
10 
Decision Making for Mobile City Infrastructure Strategic Planning
H.S. Wu and J.C. Li 
11 
An Insurance Decision Model for Contractor's All Risks Insurance
P.C. Chiu and S.J. Guo 
12 
Development Structure and Performance Evaluation for Applying Wireless Transmission to the Construction Industry
L.K. Lin, C.L. Cheng and S.X. Li 
13 
Visual Information Transfer using Mobile IT Solutions
O.O. Koseoglu, B. Erdogan, Y. Nielsen, C.J. Anumba and N.M. Bouchlaghem 
14 
Internet based Analytical Services using a Java based GUI
H.M. Chen and Y.C. Lin 
15 
An Automated VisualAid System for Inspecting Concrete Bridges
N.J. Yau and H.K. Liao 
16 
Intelligent Search Guides for the Construction eMarket
R.J. Dzeng, S.S. Wang and S.Y. Chang 
17 
BidPrice Determination Considering Cashflow Effects
W.C. Wang, C.L. Lin and Y.H. Lu 
18 
A Hybrid Soft Computing Approach for Knowledge Discovery in Construction Engineering
W.D. Yu and G.W. Fan 
19 
Optimizing the Design of an Attribute Double Sampling Plan
T.M. Cheng and Y.L. Chen 
20 
Information Needs and Direction for Construction ERP Development
A.S. Chang and K.P. Lee 
21 
Study on the Mix Proportioning Design of Recycled Concrete by the Taguchi Method
Y.H. Lin, Y.Y. Tyan and P.C. Lee 
22 
SPCbased Project Performance Evaluation System
S.S. Leu, Y.C. Lin and T.A. Chen 
23 
Ontology Development for Semantic Web Based Services in Construction
D. Ruikar, C.J. Anumba, Z. Aziz, P.M. Carrillo and N.M. Bouchlaghem 
III  COMPUTATIONAL TOOLS FOR SAFETY IN THE BUILT ENVIRONMENT SESSION ORGANISED BY PROFESSOR F.C. HADIPRIONO 
24 
Selection of Construction Methods for Deep Foundation Excavations
N.F. Pan 
25 
A Fuzzy Logic Model to Avoid Electrocution during Mobile Crane Operations
H.M. AlHumaidi and F.C. Hadipriono 
26 
A Fuzzy Logic Approach to Model Worker Safety in Deconstruction
M. Manohar, J.W. Duane and F.C. Hadipriono 
27 
Evaluating Trench Safety using Fuzzy Logic
C.B. Patel and F.C. Hadipriono 
28 
Retrieving Knowledge for Falsework Safety Inspection
C.C. Huang, N.S. AlKaabi and F.C. Hadipriono 
29 
Using Fuzzy Logic Models for Safety Assessment of Tunnel Grouting
K.R. AlLabadi and F.C. Hadipriono 
30 
Development of ModelBased Systems for Integrated Design of Highway Bridges
M.R. Halfawy, F.C. Hadipriono, J. Duane and R. Larew 
31 
A Fault Tree Analysis for Assessing Construction Safety based on Environmental Psychology
N.S. AlKaabi and F.C. Hadipriono 
32 
Multivariate Analysis and the use of Fuzzy Logic for Garage Safety Evaluation
C.C. Tseng and F.C. Hadipriono 
33 
FuzzyRandom Reliability Analysis of Building Performance
X. Gu and Y. Lu 
34 
Vulnerability Assessment of Industrial Facilities
I. Karimi, C. Butenweg and B. Toll 
35 
Applications of Virtual Construction Environments in Improving Construction Site Safety
K.K. Naji 
IV  ANALYSIS OF STEEL AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES SESSION ORGANISED BY DR L.F. COSTA NEVES 
36 
Finite Element Modelling of SteelConcrete Composite Beams Subjected to Uniformly Distributed Loads
F.D. Queiroz, P.C.G.S. Vellasco and D.A. Nethercot 
37 
Structural Analysis of T and KT Joints of a Steel Truss Structure using the Finite Element Method

38 
PostBuckling Analysis of ThinWalled Channel Columns in the Framework of the Generalized Beam Theory

39 
A Parametric Study of Composite Footbridges with Pedestrian Walking Loads
F.P. Figueiredo, J.G.S. da Silva and L.R.O. de Lima 
40 
Dynamical Analysis for the Walking Induced Vibrations of Composite Floors
A.V.A. Mello, J.G.S. da Silva and L.R.O. de Lima 
41 
Finite Element Analysis of BeamtoColumn Minor Axis Steel Joints

42 
Finite Element Modelling of Steel Webbed Joists
Z.W. Guan, K. Legakis and D.J. Pope 
43 
Nonlinear Analysis and Tests of Prestressed Concrete Composite Girders with Steel Truss Webs
L. Huang, K. Niitani and H. Hikosaka 
44 
Stress Analysis and Verification of the Web Weld Connection of Opened IBeams in Composite Constructions
O.R.O. Cavalcante and L.M. Bezerra 
45 
A Numerical Study of Concrete Filled Tubular Columns with High Strength Concrete
M.L. Romero, J.L. Bonet, S. Ivorra and A. Hospitaler 
46 
The Nonlinear Simulation of the Behaviour of Integral ConcreteFilled Steel Tubular Framed Structures in Fire Conditions
S. Liu, Y. Li, X.X. Zha and J.Q. Ye 
47 
Dynamic Characteristics of Composite Floors
S.S. De Silva and D.P. Thambiratnam 
V  COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR CONCRETE STRUCTURES SESSION ORGANISED BY DR A.F. ASHOUR 
48 
Shear Performance of Concrete Beams Reinforced with CFRP Bars
A.F. Ashour 
49 
Flexural Behaviour of CFRP Reinforced Concrete Flanged Beams
A.F. Ashour and M. Family 
50 
Modelling and Analysis Issues in Assessing the Performance of RC Shear Walls
D. Coronelli, L. Martinelli and M.G. Mulas 
VI  BUCKLING OF SHELLS SESSION ORGANISED BY DR J. BLACHUT 
51 
Discretely Supported ThinWalled Steel Silo Shells: Advanced Buckling Design and Modelling Aspects
W. Guggenberger 
52 
Lower Critical Stress Analysis of Axially Compressed Cylindrical Shells
K. Magnucki 
53 
Buckling of an Isotropic Porous Cylindrical Shell
M. Malinowski and K. Magnucki 
54 
Buckling of Axially Compressed Cylinders with Imperfect Length
J. Blachut 
55 
Buckling of Corrugated Circular Cylinders under Uniform External Pressure
C.T.F. Ross 
VII  DESIGN AND INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY 
56 
Looking for Flexible and Configurable Civil Engineering Enterprise Environments

57 
Design Process Improvement using a Single Model Environment
D. Ruikar, W. Tizani and R. Smith 
58 
Integrated IFC based Collaborative Building Design using Internet Technology
D. Roshani and W. Tizani 
59 
The IFC Steel Construction Extension
E. Holtzhauer and H. Saal 
VIII  SOFTWARE ENGINEERING 
60 
An ObjectOriented Framework for Programming Iterative Solution Algorithms
R.I. Mackie 
61 
Data Structures and Schema for Quality Assurance and Process Management in Finite Element Analysis
J. Dhayanidhi and S. Chandra 
62 
A Process Model for Material Research Applied to Textile Reinforced Concrete
F. Peiffer and R. Chudoba 
63 
Extending Software Development with XML Based Components
N. Anwar 
IX  MESH GENERATION 
64 
Mesh Smoothing for Triangulations Defined on Surfaces

65 
A Modified Paving Algorithm
A. Dixit 
66 
Automatic Constrained Meshing
A. Dixit 
67 
A Hybrid Method for Triangulation of ThreeDimensional Domains
D. Rypl and Z. Bittnar 
X  GRID COMPUTING 
68 
A Gridbased Application for the Threedimensional Dynamic Analysis of HighRise Buildings

69 
Towards a Grid Enabled Engineering Collaboration Environment
M. Dolenc, Z. Turk, P. Katranuschkov, K. Kurowski and M. Hannu 
XI  DATA PROCESSING 
70 
A Method of Updating and Management of Spatial Data Infrastructure in Japan
T. Morii, I. Mikami and S. Kubota 
XII  VIRTUAL REALITY 
71 
A Virtual Compressive Test for Structural Engineers
E.A.B. Koenders, E. Schlangen, E. Dado and K. van Breugel 
XIII  INFRASTRUCTURE MANAGEMENT 
72 
Recommendations for an IT Strategy Plan for the Malaysian Construction Sector
M.J. Sulaiman, C.D. Theng, N.K. Weng, J. Adnan, Z. Usop and R. Usop 
73 
Towards Better Housing Management: Service Life Planning in Achieving Sustainability for Affordable Housing
S.H. Tapsir, J.M. Yatim and F. Usman 
74 
GIS Support for Optimizing Infrastructure Programs of Distributed Sites
T. Hegazy 
75 
Improving Quality and Data Acquisition in Asset Management
J. Christian 
XIV  CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT 
76 
An Innovative Project Controls System
N.N. Eldin and L.C. Lloyd 
77 
Scheduling Construction Activities using Ant Colony Optimization
S. Christodoulou 
78 
An Optimization Model for WorkgroupBased Repetitive Scheduling
R.Y. Huang and K.S. Sun 
79 
Interaction with Virtual ThreeDimensional Models for the Visualisation of Construction Processes
A.Z. Sampaio, P.G. Henriques, P.S. Ferreira and R.P. Luizi 
80 
Duration Sensitivity Risk Analysis in Construction Feasibility Management: A Case Study
P. Daneshmand 
81 
A Webbased System for Managing Construction Information
A.P. Chassiakos and S.P. Sakellaropoulos 
82 
Design Constructability and Space Management
P.P. Zouein and T. Franjieh 
XV  ENVIRONMENTAL MODELLING AND SIMULATION 
83 
Numerical Simulation of the Vortex Wave Flow in the Reactor for Wastewater Treatment
F.X. Liu, Z.J. Liu, Q.C. Shi and J.T. Zhou 
84 
Innovative Approach in Simulation of Suspended Floc Formation in Activated Sludge
N. Khandani A., T. Donnelly and D.J. Elliott 
85 
An Investigation into the Influence of Hydrogeological Conditions on LNAPL Migration
M.H.A. Mohamed 
86 
Interaction between Physical, Chemical and Biological Processes in the Coastal Water off a River Mouth in a PostFlood Condition
Y.M. Yustiani and A. Mano 
87 
Preconditioning Shifted Linear Systems arising in a Wind Model

XVI  WATER ENGINEERING 
88 
A Model for the Design of Water Harvesting Tanks
M.G. Shinde, I.K. Smout and S.D. Gorantiwar 
89 
Application of GIS for Water Quality Management: Estimation of Nutrient Loads
A. Clement, A. Kovacs and K. Buzas 
90 
A Fully Integrated Leakage Model for Water Distribution Networks
M. Tabesh and A.H. Asadiani Yekta 
XVII  TRAFFIC AND TRANSPORTATION ENGINEERING 
91 
Urban City Traffic Simulation based on a Stochastic Velocity Model
T. Tamaki and E. Kita 
92 
Development of a Procedure to Estimate Control Delay
M.A. Saif 
93 
Reliability Analysis of Urban Transportation Networks by @Risk
A.S. Mohaymany and A. Golroo 
XVIII  PAVEMENT ENGINEERING 
94 
Development of the Transition Matrix Calculator

XIX  STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 
95 
Topological and Graph Products: Eigenproblems for Optimal Structural Analysis
A. Kaveh and H. Rahami 
96 
Geometric and Material Nonlinear Analyses of Elastically Restrained Arches
Y.L. Pi, M.A. Bradford, F. TinLoi and R.I. Gilbert 
97 
An Efficient Implementation of NonLinear Limit State Analysis based on LowerBound Solutions
L. Damkilde and L. Juhl Schmidt 
98 
Transport Matrix Based Dynamic Stiffness Matrix of a Circular Helicoidal Bar
S.A. Alghamdi 
99 
Estimation of the Critical Flutter Load of a Tapered Beam Simultaneously Subjected to a Follower Force and an Axial Force
I. Takahashi 
100 
Suboptimal Cycle Bases for Analysis of Frames with Semirigid Joints
A. Kaveh, H. Moez and M.A. Barkhordari 
101 
Analysis Methods for the Pretension Process of Flexible CableStrut Structures
H.Z. Yang, J.M. Ding and Q.L. Zhang 
XX  FINITE ELEMENT TECHNIQUES: ANALYSIS, MODELLING AND DESIGN 
102 
Analysis and Design of the Foundations of WindTurbo Generators using the Finite Element Method
R.T. Teixeira and R.C. Barros 
103 
Interaction between Vibration and Friction of a BlockIncline held by Magnets
M. Holland and D. Tran 
104 
Study of the Brittle Fracture of Monocrystalline Silicon Wafers

XXI  FINITE STRIP METHOD 
105 
A Simple Method for the Inclusion of External and Internal Supports in the Spline Finite Strip Method for Buckling Analysis
Z. Vrcelj and M.A. Bradford 
XXII  BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHODS 
106 
Combining a Similar Coefficient Identification Algorithm with the Boundary Element Method

107 
Analysis of 3D Flat Shell Structures by the Boundary Element Method

108 
FlexuralTorsional Vibrations of Beams by the BEM
E.J. Sapountzakis and G.C. Tsiatas 
109 
Boundary Element Analysis of Contact under Creep Conditions
C. Chandenduang and A.A. Becker 
110 
Comparing BEM and FEM Strategies for the Computation of the Stress Intensity Factor using Singular and NonSingular Elements
S.P.L. Leme, R.F. Lima, L.M. Bezerra and P.W. Partridge 
XXIII  ELEMENT FREE ANALYSIS 
111 
ThreeDimensional Element Free Analysis using a Mapping Technique
T. Ohkami, M. Ohara and S. Koyama 
XXIV  FLOW SIMULATION 
112 
Simulation of Fresh Concrete Flow

XXV  COMPUTATIONAL FLUID DYNAMICS 
113 
SubGridScale Parameters in Computational Fluid Dynamics Modelling of Compartment Fires
N.D. Pope and C.G. Bailey 
XXVI  FLUIDSTRUCTURE INTERACTION 
114 
Coupled FluidStructure Simulation of the Coriolis Flowmeter under Forced Vibration

XXVII  STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION 
115 
Plate Depth Refinement Applied to a Deep Cantilevered Beam
W.C. Christie and J.W. Bull 
116 
A Study of Structural Topology Optimization based on ANSYS
Y.D. Liu and G. Bian 
117 
A Hypoellipse Approximation for Biobjective Structural Life Cycle Cost Optimization Problems
S.S. Abdelatif Hassanien, M.A. Maes and N. Shrive 
118 
Topology Optimisation using the SERA Method with a BESO Bias on Element Admission
R.N. Brodie, O.M. Querin and D.C. Barton 
119 
Optimization of Submerged Domes
K.K. Vo, C.M. Wang and Y.H. Chai 
120 
Application of the Reduced Basis Method for Optimisation of Heat Conduction Problems
S.M.B. Afonso, P.R.M. Lyra and T.M. Albuquerque 
121 
Optimum Design of the Link of an Inverted Tooth Chain
T.Y. Chen, B.C. Chung and S.J. Chiou 
122 
Evolutionary Structural Optimization of Steel Gusset Plates
A.A. Khalaf and M.P. Saka 
123 
Design and Optimisation of Cross Sections using Spreadsheet Analyses
P. Mark 
124 
MultiObjective Optimization of Laminated Cylindrical Panels using a Genetic Algorithm
M. Shakeri, A. Alibeigloo and A. Morowat 
XXVIII  RELIABILITY AND STOCHASTIC TECHNIQUES 
125 
Numerical Study of Stochastic Stability of Structures
W.C. Xie 
126 
Explicit Formulations for ReliabilityBased Optimal Plastic Design Problems
K. Marti 
127 
Reliability Analysis for Human Comfort under Random Vibration
J.E. Laier 
128 
Nonlinear TimeDependent PostElastic Analysis and Reliability Assessment of a Suspended Cable Considering Creep Effects
S. Kmet, M. Tomko and J. Brda 
XXIX  PLATES AND SHELLS 
129 
Plastic Buckling Analysis of Mindlin Plates using the Ritz Method
C.M. Wang, T.M. Aung and K.K. Vo 
130 
Thermal Buckling Response of ThreeNode Isoparametric Shear Flexible Element for Moderately Thick to Thin Plates
H.R.H. Kabir 
131 
Elastic Stability Analysis of SimplySupported Rectangular Plates under Arbitrary Loads
Y.G. Liu and M.N. Pavlovic 
132 
The Performance of Allman's Membrane Finite Element for Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis of Shell Structures
E. Gal and R. Levy 
133 
The HigherOrder Stiffness Matrix of a Simple Triangular Flat Plate Element for Nonlinear Analysis of Shell Structures
J.T. Chang and I.D. Huang 
134 
Computational Simulation of the Transient ElasticViscoplastic Response of Structural Components at High Temperature
R. Schmidt and M. Stoffel 
XXX  NANOSCALE MECHANICS 
135 
Stability Problems at Nanoscale
H. Rothert, G. Ernst and L. Nasdala 
136 
Application of the AtomicScale Finite Element Method to Buckling and PostBuckling of SingleWalled Carbon Nanotubes
A.Y.T. Leung, X. Guo, X.Q. He, H. Jiang, S. Kitipornchai, Y. Huang and J.W.Z. Lu 
XXXI  HYSTERESIS ANALYSIS AND MODELLING 
137 
A Discrete QuasiStatic Cyclic Material Model Incorporating Hysteresis for QuasiBrittle Materials
S. Mertens, K. De Proft and J. Vantomme 
138 
Solution of a Transient 2D Nonlinear Heat Diffusion Problem with the Multigrid Method

139 
Finite Element Analysis of the Hysteretic Behaviour of Steel Frames with SemiRigid Connections
S. Liu, Y. Li and X.X. Zha 
140 
Stability of Nonlinear Iteration in Diffusion Problems

XXXII  MATERIALS ENGINEERING 
141 
An Assessment of Incorporating Proportions of Fly Ash and Ground Granulated Blast Furnace Slag as a Cement Substitute
K. Hassan, K. Hattori, H. Ogata and M. Ashraf 
142 
A Numerical Method to Predict the Strength of Cellular Concrete Wall Panels
X.D. Phan, P. Mendis and S.L. Mak 
143 
Finite Element Simulation of Damage Evolution in Dynamically Loaded Structures
R. Schmidt and M. Stoffel 
144 
An Efficient Return Algorithm for NonAssociated MohrCoulomb Plasticity
J. Clausen, L. Damkilde and L. Andersen 
145 
Adaptive Architecture: Responsive Building Technology
D. Clifford and E. Moore 
XXXIII  COMPOSITE MATERIALS 
146 
Postprocessing Techniques in Free Boundary Flows during Liquid Composite Moulding Processes

147 
The Dynamic Behaviour of a Piezoelectric Sensor and Actuator Embedded in a Composite Cylinder
A.R. Daneshmehr and M. Shakeri 
148 
Symplectic Method for a Piezoelectric Cantilever Beam
A.Y.T. Leung, J.J. Zheng and C.W. Lim 
XXXIV  STEEL STRUCTURES 
149 
Computer Analysis and Design of ColdFormed Purlins
J.P. Papangelis and G.J. Hancock 
150 
Analysis of Steel Pipelines with Plain and Gouged Dents
J. Blachut and I.B. Iflefel 
151 
Numerical Results on the Buckling Strength of Stiffened Elliptic Paraboloidal Steel Panel Shutters
A. Zingoni and V. Balden 
152 
Analysis of LocalPlate/Distortional Mode Interaction in ColdFormed Steel Lipped Channel Columns
P.B. Dinis, N. Silvestre and D. Camotim 
153 
Repair of Cracked Steel IBeams: Fracture Demand versus Force and Stress Criteria
S.S.F. Mehanny, O.M.O. Ramadan and H.G.Z. Nasralla 
154 
Finite Element Modelling of Heat Curved Steel Girders
A.N. Gergess 
155 
A Parametric Study of the NonLinear Geometric Behaviour and Carrying Capacity of 3D Asymmetric Steel Frames

XXXV  STEEL CONNECTIONS 
156 
Study of the Bolt Pullout Phenomenon from a Steel Plate

157 
Modelling and Simulation of Endplate Connections and their Effects on Steel Frames
A.R. Kukreti and F.F. Zhou 
158 
Second Order Analysis of Scaffolds with SemiRigid Connections
U. Prabhakaran, R.G. Beale and M.H.R. Godley 
159 
Numerical Evaluation of Flange Thickness on the Contact Stress and Prying Action in TStub Steel Connections
C.A.S. Freitas, L.M. Bezerra and Y. Nagato 
160 
Optimum Design of Socket Joint Systems for Space Structures using Second Order Approximation
J. Salajegheh, E. Salajegheh and S.M. Seyedpoor 
XXXVI  MODELLING OF TALL BUILDINGS 
161 
Geometrically Nonlinear Behaviour of Stiffened Coupled Shear Walls
M.J. Fadaee , H. Saffari and H. Khosravi 
162 
Quantitative Lateral Drift Control of Shear WallFrame Buildings
H.J. Lee and H.S. Kim 
XXXVII  BUILDING TECHNOLOGY: MODELLING AND SIMULATION 
163 
Modelling of Heat and Moisture Transport in Buildings with Control Applications

164 
HMTB: A Computer Simulation Tool for Heat and Moisture Transfer in Buildings

XXXVIII  REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 
165 
The Influence of NonLinear Material Properties on the Global Convergence in the FiniteElement Analysis of Spatial Beams
D. Zupan and M. Saje 
166 
Finite Element Analysis Considering Slip Behaviour of Tendons
H.G. Kwak and J.H. Kim 
167 
Limited Ductility Plastic Analysis of Continuous Concrete Beams
B. Horowitz 
168 
Bond Model for Reinforced Concrete Subjected to Impact Loading
F. Lin 
169 
Estimation of Plastic Shrinkage Cracking of Concrete Slabs
H.G. Kwak and S.J. Ha 
170 
Computerized Analyses of Alternative Mechanical Models of Waffle Slabs using the Finite Element Method
R.H. Dias, J.B. Paiva and J.S. Giongo 
171 
Computation of Effective Bending Stiffness of RC Telecommunication Towers based on Experimental Data
M.A. Silva, J.S. Arora and R.M.L.R.F. Brasil 
172 
A Triangular Layered Plate Element for Nonlinear Structural Analysis
Y.X. Zhang, M.A. Bradford and R.I. Gilbert 
173 
A Numerical Study of the Second Order Effects in Slender Concrete Columns
M.L. Romero, A. Bendito, J.L. Bonet, M.A. Fernandez and P.F. Miguel 
174 
A Numerical Study of OneWay and TwoWay Concrete Walls with Openings
P. Hallinan and H. Guan 
175 
Behaviour of High Strength Concrete Columns under Eccentric Loading
T. Hara and M.N.S. Hadi 
176 
HygroThermoMechanical Analysis of a Nuclear Power Plant Prestressed Concrete Reactor Vessel
J. Kruis, T. Koudelka, Z. Bittnar and M. Petkovski 
XXXIX  COMPOSITE STRUCTURES 
177 
A Dynamic Finite Element for Vibration Analysis of Composite Circular Tubes
S.M. Hashemi and A. Roach 
178 
A Methodology for Minimum Weight Optimal Design of FibreReinforced Laminated Structures Accounting for Manufacturing Uncertainties
M. Walker and R. Hamilton 
179 
Multilayered Timoshenko Beams with Interlayer Slip: Exact Solution
S. Schnabl, M. Saje, B. Cas, G. Turk and I. Planinc 
180 
Dynamic Stiffness Formulation and Free Vibration Analysis of a Composite Beam
J.R. Banerjee and H. Su 
181 
Development and Application of a Progressive Damage Approach to a Grid Structure Representative Volume Element
N. Tessitore and A. Riccio 
182 
Finite Element Analysis of Tapered Fibre Reinforced Polymer Hollow Poles
J. Jung and A. Abolmaali 
XL  MASONRY STRUCTURES 
183 
Nonlinear Analysis of Interlocking Mortarless Block Masonry Systems using the Finite Element Method
W.A.M. Thanoon, A.H. Alwathaf, J. Noorzaei, M.S. Jaafar and M.R. Abdulkadir 
184 
Modelling of Textile Strengthened Masonry
I. Kalker, C. Butenweg, S. Holler and B. Toll 
185 
A MicroMechanical Model for the Homogenized Limit Analysis of OutOfPlane Loaded Masonry Walls

186 
An Assessment of the Collapse of the San Andrés Coastal Tower in Tenerife

187 
Nonlinear ThreeDimensional Analysis of the Charles Bridge Exposed to Temperature Impact

188 
On Representative Volume Element Size for the Analysis of Masonry Structures

189 
Analysis of Historical Masonry Structures using Three Dimensional Solid Elements
C.A. Syrmakezis, A.K. Antonopoulos and O.A. Mavruli 
190 
Effective Material Parameters for Transport Processes in Historical Masonry Structures

191 
Upper and Lower Bounds to the Collapse Load of Masonry Bridges Taking into Account ArchFill Interaction
A. Cavicchi 
192 
Stability of NoTension Masonry Walls having a NonLinear Constitutive Law
I. Mura 
193 
A Seismic Design Procedure for Masonry Buildings
M. Mistler and C. Butenweg 
194 
Historical Structures Vulnerability Evaluation using Fragility Curves
C.A. Syrmakezis, A.K. Antonopoulos and O.A. Mavruli 
195 
A Simplified Model for the Evaluation of the Seismic Behaviour of Masonry Buildings

XLI  TIMBER STRUCTURES 
196 
Modelling of Timber Framed Shear Walls using Wooden Dowels
Z.W. Guan and C. Zois 
197 
Simulating OccupantInduced Vibrations of Wood Floors with Rotated Joists
A. Ebrahimpour, C.W. Winmill, H. Sadid and R.L. Sack 
198 
Finite Element Modelling of Timber Joints Fastened with DoubleSided Punched Metal Plate Connectors
T. Zhou and Z. Guan 
199 
Experimental and Numerical Analysis of Composite Wood Beams
B. Cas, J. Lopatic, M. Saje, S. Schnabl and I. Planinc 
XLII  CONTROL OF ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 
200 
An Effective Numeric Procedure for Seismic Response Analysis of Multistory Buildings with Active Control Systems
G. Agranovich, Y. Ribakov and B. Blostotsky 
201 
Active Control Optimization of Structures using Genetic Algorithms
P. Rosko 
202 
Experimental Tests and Numerical Simulations of Stiffened Pure Aluminium Shear Panels
G. De Matteis, A. Formisano, F.M. Mazzolani and S. Panico 
203 
Fluid Viscous Damper Optimal Design for Seismic Protection of Bridges
S. Berton, T. Takahashi and Y. Sonoda 
204 
Supplemental Hydraulic Dampers for Buildings
Y. Arfiadi and M.N.S. Hadi 
205 
Active Control of High Rise Building Structures using Fuzzy Logic and Genetic Algorithms
H.H. Lavasani and S. Pourzeynali 
206 
A Practical Approach to Install Viscous Dampers on Flexible Structures
K. Engelen, J. Anthonis and H. Ramon 
207 
Signal Processing and Predictive Control of a SemiActive Structural Control System
M.H. Shih and W.P. Sung 
208 
Analysis and Modelling of the Energy Dissipation Behaviour of Velocity and Displacement Dependent Hydraulic Dampers
W.P. Sung and M.H. Shih 
209 
Modelling and Design of Variable Friction Dampers for Improving Seismic Response of Structures
Y. Ribakov, B. Blostotsky and I. Iskhakov 
210 
The Isolation Efficiency of the DualTrench System in a Three Dimensional Wave Propagation Problem
S.H. Tung, C.C. Yu, W.H. Lee and M.H. Shih 
XLIII  EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING AND SEISMIC DESIGN 
211 
System Development for GISbased Urban Loss Assessment in LowtoModerate Seismic Regions with a Case Study
M.J. Qiao and A.M. Chandler 
212 
Pseudo Excitation Method for Seismic Random Vibration Analysis of LongSpan Structures
J.H. Lin, Y.H. Zhang and Y. Zhao 
213 
Interoperability in an IFCCompliant Integrated Earthquake Simulation
M. Hassanien and J. Inoue 
214 
Using 3D GIS Information for Structural Modeling of a Metropolis
P. Zhu, Y. Fujino, M. Hori and J. Kiyon 
215 
Seismic Resistance of Natural and Artificial Variable Stiffness Reinforced Concrete Buildings
I. Iskhakov and Y. Ribakov 
216 
Evaluation of the Seismic Response of Liquid Storage Tanks
S. Bagheri, F.R. Rofooei and Y. Bozorgnia 
217 
Using the Method of Total Least Squares for Seismic Correction
A.A. Chanerley and N.A. Alexander 
218 
Structural Damage Estimation using Seismic and Spectral Parameters
A. Bakhshi, H. Tavallali and K. Karimi 
219 
The Effects of Vertical Seismic Acceleration in Columns Supported by Beams
J. Lavado 
220 
A Comparison of Input Energy in Different Lateral Force Resisting Systems
M. Tehranizadeh and M. Torabi 
221 
Dynamic Analysis of Steel Tanks Subjected to ThreeDimensional Ground Motion
G. Fabbrocino, I. Iervolino and A. Di Carluccio 
222 
Seismic Nonstationary Random Response of MultiSupported Structures
Y.H. Zhang, J.H. Lin and Y. Zhao 
223 
Fragility Based Life Cycle Loss Estimation Methodology for Critical Facilities
G.P. Cimellaro and C. Kafali 
224 
Simulation of the EarthquakeInduced Pounding of Seismically Isolated Buildings
P. Komodromos 
225 
Fuzzy Dynamic Structural Analysis of 2D Frames

226 
Influence of the Soil Profile Uncertainty on the Tunnel  Layered Soil Interaction Subject to Seismic Acceleration
M. Badaoui and M.K. Berrah 
227 
KernelBased Message Passing Interfaced Integrated Earthquake Simulation
M. Hassanien, J. Inoue, T. Ichimura and M. Hori 
228 
The Effects of NearField Vertical Ground Motions on Structural Response
M. Tehranizadeh and M.S. Rahim Labafzadeh 
XLIV  DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES 
229 
A Finite Element based Large Increment Method for Nonlinear Structural Dynamic Analysis
W. Barham, A.J. Aref and G.F. Dargush 
230 
The Longitudinal Strength and Vibration of Model Ships
C.T.F. Ross and E. James 
231 
Automated MultiLevel Substructuring for Nonlinear Eigenproblems
K. Elssel and H. Voss 
232 
Threedimensional Structural Dynamic Analysis using Parallel Direct Time Integration Methods

XLV  DYNAMICS OF BRIDGES: VIBRATION AND SEISMIC 
233 
Earthquake Engineering of the Zeceva Draga Bridge
A. Nizic, D. Mestrovic and J. Radic 
234 
A Seismic Vulnerability Assessment System for Bridges
P. Renault, C. Butenweg and M. Mistler 
235 
Dynamic Analysis of TrainBridge Systems under Wind Action
H. Xia, W.W. Guo, N. Zhang and G.J. Sun 
236 
Incoherent Ground Motion in MultiSupport Dynamics of Bridges
N.A. Alexander 
237 
Effects of Train Speed, Load and Damping on the Dynamic Response of Railway Bridges
M. Majka and M. Hartnett 
238 
A Numerical Assessment of the Use of Fluid Viscous Dampers to Reduce the Resonance Response of HighSpeed Railway Bridges
M.D. MartinezRodrigo and P. Museros 
239 
Dynamic Analysis of a Continuous Arch Bridge across the Yangtze River under High Speed Train Loading
N. Zhang, H. Xia and G.J. Sun 
240 
Vibration of Shallow Suspension Footbridges under Walking Dynamic Loads
M.H. Huang, D.P. Thambiratnam and N.J. Perera 
241 
Fragility Analysis for the Bridge Control Benchmark Problem
F. Casciati, G.P. Cimellaro and M. Domaneschi 
XLVI  BRIDGE ENGINEERING 
242 
Time Dependent Analysis of the Movable Scaffolding System
H.G. Kwak and J.K. Son 
243 
ToBe Information Models for Maintenance of Concrete Highway Bridges
S. Kubota and I. Mikami 
XLVII  SYSTEM IDENTIFICATION, DIAGNOSIS, MAINTENANCE AND REPAIR 
244 
Development of an Information System for the Maintenance of Railway Embankments
Y. Sakamoto and Y. Itoh 
245 
An Evaluation of the Application of Infrared Thermography in the Diagnosis of Civil Engineering Structures
R.R. Ramlogun, B. Picoux, L. Ulmet and C. Petit 
246 
Dynamic Identification of RC Building No.5 of the College of Industrial Technology at Nihon University
T. Aoki, N. Yuasa, D. Sabia, D. Rivella and H. Muto 
247 
Identification of Structural System Parameters by Haar Wavelets
S. Basak and B. Basu 
248 
Model Identification of a SmallScale Bridge using a Genetic Algorithm with Parallel Selection

249 
Increasing the Performance of a Reinforced Concrete Frame Strengthened using an Innovative Procedure

XLVIII  DAM ENGINEERING 
250 
Dam Safety Instrumentation Computer Program
R.L. Hill and L.L. Perrin 
251 
Collapse Settlement of a Clay Core Rockfill Dam during the First Impoundment
F. Jafarzadeh, T. Heidari and A.R. Azami 
252 
Inverse Analysis of an Embankment on Soft Clay using the Ensemble Kalman Filter
A. Hommels, F. Molenkamp, B. Nguyen and A.W. Heemink 
XLIX  FOUNDATION ENGINEERING 
253 
An Elastoplastic Model for Geomaterials using the Modified Stress and Subloading Surface Concept and its Application to Bearing Capacity Problems
T. Nakai, M. Hinokio and S. Kurosaki 
254 
Three Dimensional Bearing Capacity Analysis of Shallow Foundations Adjacent to Slopes
A.A. Mirghasemi and A.R. Majidi 
255 
Impedance of Surface Footings on Layered Ground
L. Andersen and J. Clausen 
L  GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING 
256 
Shear Rotation in SubGlacial Sediments
L.F. Gareau and F. Molenkamp 
257 
Numerical Studies of 3D Passive Earth Pressures Induced by the Translation of a Rigid Rough Retaining Wall
S. Benmebarek, T. Khelifa and N. Benmebarek 
258 
A Numerical Analysis of Seepage Failure in Stratified Soils within a Cofferdam
N. Benmebarek, S. Benmebarek and R. Kastner 
259 
Analysis of the Expansive Behaviour of a Cavity with a Finite Boundary
C.S. Wu, Y.S. Hong and I.J. Chen 
260 
Seismic Safety Evaluation of Liquefiable Embankments under a Strong Earthquake using Finite Element Approaches
C. Takahashi, F. Cai and K. Ugai 
261 
Experimental Investigations to Monitor Swell and Loading Responses of Expansive Soil Due to Environmental and Loading Changes
V. Mohan and A.J. Puppala 
262 
Computation and Validation of Rebound Characteristics of Layered Systems
U.F.A. Karim and A. Menkveld 
263 
Numerical Modelling for Soil Nail Pullout Behaviour
Y.S. Hong, C.S. Wu and X.Z. Chen 
264 
Dynamic Earth Pressures Acting on Buried Structures
G.A. Montalva and M. Van Sint Jan 
265 
Analysis of Upheave Failure Induced by Deep Excavation using the Finite Element Method
T.C. Kung, C.Y. Ou and Y.G. Tang 
266 
Evaluation of the Soil Initial Tangent Moduli (E0,G0) by the Shear Wave Propagation Method
J. Bencat 
267 
Numerical Simulation of the Response of a Fine Medium Sand to Torsional Loading
A. Tsomokos and V.N. Georgiannou 
268 
United States Capitol Visitor Centre: Diaphragm Wall Performance and Movement of the United States Capitol Building
G.A. Bonita 
LI  SOILSTRUCTURE INTERACTION 
269 
Modelling Soil Structure Interaction of Shear Wall Systems using Super Elements
M.S. Jaafar, M. Paknahad, W.A. Thanoon and J. Noorzaei 
270 
Response of Wind Turbines Including SoilStructure Interaction
P.J. Murtagh, B. Basu and B.M. Broderick 
271 
SoilStructure Dynamic Interaction Effects in Buried Cylindrical Concrete Structures
R.A. Izadifard and M.R. Maheri 
272 
Inelastic Analysis of FrameFoundationSoil Interaction Systems
W.A. Thanoon, J. Noorzaei, M.S. Jaafar and M.A. AlGorafi 
273 
Local Site Conditions and Seismic Design of Municipal Solid Waste Landfills
Y. Tsompanakis, P.N. Psarropoulos and Y. Karabatsos 
274 
Probability of Failure of Tunnels with Circular Cross Section: A Comparison of Methods

LII  TUNNELING 
275 
Numerical Analysis of Soft Rock Tunneling in the Western Taiwan Area
K.J. Shou, Y.C. Chuang and Y.C. Liu 
276 
Enhancing NumericallyPredicted Ground Movement Patterns due to Shield Tunnelling in Clays
T.T. AbdelFattah, A.Y. Akl, H.A. Hodhod and A.M. AbdelRahman 
277 
Applicability of Elastoplastic Modelling for Simulating Tunnel Excavation in Lightly Overconsolidated Clay
T.T. AbdelFattah, A.M. AbdelRahman, A.Y. Akl and H.A. Hodhod 