Preliminaries |

**I** | **INTERNET APPLICATIONS** |

1 |
The Influence of Internet-Based Construction Portals
P.J. Gardner |

2 |
Web Based Computation for Urban Earthquake Disaster Mitigation
P. Zhu, M. Abe and J. Kiyono |

**II** | **SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENTS AND APPLICATIONS** |

3 |
Data Extraction in Engineering Software using XML
M.E. Williams, G.R. Consolazio and M.I. Hoit |

4 |
Extending Finite Element Software by Component-Oriented Technology
M. Dolenc |

**III** | **CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING: DESIGN, CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT** |

5 |
Virtual Experiments for Innovative Construction Operations
H. Li and S. Kong |

6 |
Spatio-Temporal Consistency Evaluation on Dynamic 3D Space System Model
Y. Song, D.K.H. Chua, C.L. Chang and S.H. Bok |

7 |
Visual Product Chronology: A Solution for Linking Product Modelling Technology with Practical Construction Needs
K. Kähkönen and J. Leinonen |

8 |
Analytic Modelling, Diagnostic and Change-Engineering Tools for Use by Management to Foster Learning in Construction Design Organisations
M. Phiri |

9 |
The Application of an On-Site Inspection Support System to a Hydropower Plant
T. Sakata and N. Yabuki |

10 |
Efficient Algorithms for Octree-Based Geometric Modelling
R.-P. Mundani, H.-J. Bungartz, E. Rank, R. Romberg and A. Niggl |

**IV** | **STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND STRUCTURAL RE-ANALYSIS** |

11 |
An Efficient Method for Decomposition of Regular Structures using Algebraic Graph Theory
A. Kaveh and H. Rahami |

12 |
Derivation and Implementation of a Flexibility-Based Large Increment Method for Solving Non-Linear Structural Problems
W. Barham, A.J. Aref and G.F. Dargush |

13 |
The Theorems of Structural Variation for Rectangular Finite Elements for Plate Flexure
M.P. Saka |

14 |
A Triangular Finite Element for the Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis of Composite Shells
E. Gal and R. Levy |

**V** | **CHAOS** |

15 |
Spatial Chaos of Buckled Elastica using the Kirchhoff Analogy of a Gyrostat
A.Y.T. Leung, J.L. Kuang, C.W. Lim and B. Zhu |

**VI** | **BOUNDARY AND FINITE ELEMENT METHODS: THEORY AND METHODS** |

16 |
Boundary Element Analysis of Contact Film Stiffness
R.S. Hack and A.A. Becker |

17 |
Dynamics of a Tunnel: Coupling of Finite Element (FEM) and Integral Transform Techniques (ITM)
H. Grundmann and K. Müller |

18 |
A Mixed Enthalpy-Temperature Finite Element Method for Generalized Phase-Change Problems
K. Krabbenhoft and L. Damkilde |

19 |
On Multi-Field Approximation Methods
G. Romano, F. Marotti de Sciarra and M. Diaco |

20 |
Automatic Differentiation in Computational Mechanics
P.R.B. Devloo and E.S.R. Santos |

**VII** | **MODELLING AND FINITE ELEMENT MESH GENERATION** |

21 |
Improvement of Mesh Quality by Combining Smoothing Techniques and Local Refinement
J.M. Escobar, R. Montenegro, G. Montero, E. Rodríguez and J.M. González-Yuste |

22 |
hp Auto Adaptive Finite Element Method on 3D Heterogeneous Meshes
P.R.B Devloo, C.M.A.A. Bravo and E.C. Rylo |

**VIII** | **SOLUTION METHODS FOR LARGE SCALE PROBLEMS** |

23 |
Modified Versions of QMR-Type Methods
M.D. García, E. Flórez, A. Suárez, L. González and G. Montero |

24 |
Numerical Solution of Coupled Problems
J. Kruis, T. Krejcí and Z. Bittnar |

**IX** | **FINITE ELEMENT STUDIES** |

25 |
The Fatigue Life Remaining in an Airfield Runway Following an Underground Explosion
J.W. Bull and C.H. Woodford |

26 |
A Design Chart for the Design of Flexible Pavements Based on Finite Elements
B.C. Bodhinayake and M.N.S. Hadi |

27 |
Modelling of Ferrule Strap Connections to uPVC Pipes
F. Pozzessere, N.A. Alexander and R. Potter |

28 |
Finite Element Modelling of Interactions between Openings in OSB Webbed Timber I-Beams
E.C. Zhu, Z.W. Guan, P.D. Rodd, D.J. Pope |

29 |
Finite Element Modelling of Glulam Beams Prestressed with Pultruded GRP
Z.W. Guan, P.D. Rodd and D.J. Pope |

30 |
Numerical Study on Semi-Rigid Racking Frames
M. Abdel-Jaber, R.G. Beale and M.H.R. Godley |

31 |
Numerical Evaluation of Required Ductility and Load Bearing Capacity for Aluminium Alloy Continuous Beams
M. Manganiello, G. De Matteis, R. Landolfo and F.M. Mazzolani |

**X** | **ANALYSIS OF PLATES** |

32 |
Non-Linear Finite Element Analysis of Functionally Graded Material Sector Plates
M. Salehi and M. Tayefeh |

33 |
Micro as Required for Macromechanics of Circular, Annular and Sector Plates
M. Salehi and M. Tayefeh |

34 |
An Explicit Geometric Stiffness Matrix of a Triangular Flat Plate Element for the Geometric Nonlinear Analysis of Shell Structures
J.-T. Chang and I.-D. Huang |

35 |
Annular Sector Plates: Comparison of Full-Section and Layer Yield Predictions
G.J. Turvey and M. Salehi |

36 |
Analysis of Stiffened Plates: An Effective Semi-Analytical Method
J.S. Kuang and H.X. Zhang |

37 |
Reissner-Mindlin Plate Bending Elements with Shear Freedoms
B.A. Izzuddin and D. Lloyd Smith |

38 |
Experimental Response and Numerical Simulation of Plates Submitted to Small Mass Impact
H. Lopes, R.M. Guedes, M.A. Vaz and J.D. Rodrigues |

39 |
Analysis of Cracked Plates using Hierarchical Trigonometric Functions
Y.V. Satish Kumar and Y.S. Suh |

40 |
On the Computation of Stress Resultants for Plates with Free Edges using the Ritz Method
C.M. Wang and Y. Xiang |

41 |
Implementation of a Hybrid-Mixed Stress Model based on the Use of Wavelets
L.M. Santos Castro and A.R. Barbosa |

**XI** | **COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF STEEL STRUCTURES** SESSION ORGANISED BY M. IVÁNYI |

42 |
Buckling Modes of Flattened Edges Rectangular Hollow Members
A. Fülöp and M. Iványi |

43 |
Object-Oriented Implementation of a Modified Heterosis Plate Finite Element
J. Balogh, M. Iványi and R.M. Gutkowski |

44 |
Numerical Study on Eccentrically Loaded Hot Rolled Steel Single Angle Struts
S. Sambasiva Rao, S.R. Satish Kumar and V. Kalyanaraman |

45 |
Integrated Explosion and Fire Analysis of Space Steel Frame Structures
H. Chen and J.Y.R. Liew |

46 |
Finite Element Simulations of Lateral Torsional Buckling of Tapered Cantilever Beams
P. Buffel, G. Lagae, R. Van Impe, W. Vanlaere and M. De Beule |

**XII** | **REINFORCED CONCRETE MODELLING AND ANALYSIS** |

47 |
Hybrid-Mixed Stress Model for the Non-Linear Analysis of Concrete Structures
C.M. Silva and L.M. Santos Castro |

48 |
Damage-Based Computational Model for Concrete
A.H. Al-Gadhib |

49 |
An Advanced Concrete Model for RC and Composite Floor Slabs subject to Extreme Loading
B.A. Izzuddin and A.Y. Elghazouli |

50 |
A Unified Failure Criterion for Finite Element Analysis of Concrete Structures
P.E.C. Seow, S. Swaddiwudhipong and K.K. Tho |

51 |
Evaluation of the Fiber Orientation Effects on the Ductility of the Confined Concrete Elements
L. Anania, A. Badalà and G. Failla |

52 |
Analytical Integration over Cross-Sections in the Analysis of Spatial Reinforced-Concrete Beams
D. Zupan and M. Saje |

**XIII** | **REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN** |

53 |
Combined Finite Strip and Beam Elements for Double Tee Slabs
M.A. Ghadeer, J.Q. Ye and A.H. Mansouri |

54 |
Effect of Support Conditions on Strut-and-Tie Model of Deep Beams with Web Openings
H. Guan, J. Parsons and S. Fragomeni |

55 |
Cyclic Response of RC Shear Walls
H.G. Kwak and D.Y. Kim |

56 |
Modelling of Interior Column Loads Transmission through Flat-Plate Floors
S.A. Ali Shah and Y. Ribakov |

57 |
Size Effect of Compressed Concrete in the Ultimate Limit States of RC Elements
A.P. Fantilli, I. Iori and P. Vallini |

58 |
Limit Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Shells of Revolution and its Application
M.A. Danieli (Danielashvili) |

**XIV** | **MATERIALS MODELLING** |

59 |
Adaptive Simulation of Materials with Quasi-Brittle Failure
D. Rypl, B. Patzák and Z. Bittnar |

60 |
Modelling of High Strength Concrete Structures
J. Nemecek and Z. Bittnar |

61 |
Flowable Concrete: Three-Dimensional Quantitative Simulation and Applications
M.A. Noor and T. Uomoto |

62 |
Analytical Modeling of Rheology of High Flowing Mortar and Concrete
M.A. Noor and T. Uomoto |

63 |
Material Sensitivity Studies for Homogenised Superconducting Composites
M. Kaminski |

64 |
Discontinuous Models for Modelling Fracture of Quasi-Brittle Materials
K. De Proft, W.P. De Wilde, G.N. Wells and L.J. Sluys |

**XV** | **STATIC AND DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STEEL AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES** SESSION ORGANISED BY P.C.G. DA S. VELLASCO |

65 |
Effect of Cooling on the Behaviour of a Steel Beam under Fire Loading including the End Joint Response
A. Santiago, L. Simões da Silva, P. Vila Real and J.M. Franssen |

66 |
Influence of Joint Slippage on the Cyclic Response of Steel Frames
P. Nogueiro, L. Simões da Silva and R. Bento |

67 |
Behaviour of Pin Connected Tension Joints
R. Simões and L. Simões da Silva |

68 |
Characterisation of the Behaviour of the Column Web Loaded in Out-of-Plane Bending in the Framework of the Component Method
L.C. Neves, L. Simões da Silva and P.C.G. da S. Vellasco |

69 |
Evaluation of the Post-Limit Stiffness of Beam-to-Column Semi-Rigid Joints using Genetic Algorithms
L.A.C. Borges, L.R.O. de Lima, L.A.P.S. da Silva and P.C.G. da S. Vellasco |

70 |
The Influence of Structural Steel Design Models on the Behaviour of Slender Transmission and Telecommunication Towers
J.G.S. da Silva, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, S.A.L. de Andrade and M.I.R. de Oliveira |

71 |
Partial-Strength Beam-to-Column Joints for High Ductile Steel-Concrete Composite Frames
O.S. Bursi, D. Lucchesi and W. Salvatore |

**XVI** | **VIBRATION ENGINEERING** |

72 |
A Dynamical Parametric Analysis of Semi-Rigid Portal Frames
J.G.S. da Silva, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, S.A.L. de Andrade, L.R.O. de Lima and R. de K.D. Lopes |

73 |
A Survey of Vibration Serviceability Criteria for Structures
A. Ebrahimpour and R.L. Sack |

74 |
Free Vibration of Metallic and Composite Beams Exhibiting Bending-Torsion Coupling
H. Su, C.W. Cheung and J.R. Banerjee |

75 |
Hybrid Finite Element Analysis of Vibrations of Anisotropic Cylindrical Shells Conveying Fluid
M.H. Toorani, A.A. Lakis and M. Gou |

**XVII** | **BEHAVIOUR OF STRUCTURES FOR DYNAMIC AND MOVING LOADS** SESSION ORGANISED BY D. LE HOUÉDEC AND L. FRÝBA |

76 |
Stress Ranges in Bridges under High Speed Trains
L. Frýba, C. Fischer and J.-D. Yau |

77 |
FEM and FEM-BEM Application for Vibration Prediction and Mitigation of Track and Ground Dynamic Interaction under High-Speed Trains
H. Takemiya and M. Kojima |

78 |
Dynamic Behaviour of Ballasted Railway Tracks: a Discrete/Continuous Approach
L. Ricci, V.H. Nguyen, K. Sab, D. Duhamel and L. Schmitt |

79 |
Modelling of Multilayer Viscoelastic Road Structures under Moving Loads
D. Duhamel, V.H. Nguyen, A. Chabot and P. Tamagny |

80 |
Numerical and Experimental Comparison of 3D-Model for the Study of Railway Vibrations
B. Picoux and D. Le Houédec |

81 |
Train-Bridge Interaction
G. De Roeck, E. Claes and H. Xia |

82 |
Influence of the Second Flexural Mode on the Response of High-Speed Bridges
P. Museros and E. Alarcón |

83 |
Modal Contributions to the Dynamic Response of Simply Supported Bridges for High Speed Vehicles
M.D. Martínez-Rodrigo, P. Museros and M.L. Romero |

84 |
Dynamic Diagnosis of Bridges
J. Bencat |

85 |
Influence of the High Speeds of Moving Trains on the Dynamic Behaviour of Multi-Span Bridges: Comparative Study with Various Types of French Bridges
K. Henchi, M. Fafard and C. Quézel |

**XVIII** | **BRIDGE, RAILWAY AND ROAD ENGINEERING: DYNAMICS AND MODELLING** |

86 |
Stochastic Analysis of Suspension Bridges for Different Correlation Functions
S. Adanur, A.A. Dumanoglu and K. Soyluk |

87 |
Train-Induced Ground Vibrations: Experiments and Theory
A. Ditzel and G.C. Herman |

88 |
Wheel-Rail Contact Elements Incorporating Rail Irregularities
C.J. Bowe and T.P. Mullarkey |

89 |
Analysis of Bridge-Vehicle Interaction by Component-Mode Synthesis Method
B. Biondi, G. Muscolino and A. Sofi |

90 |
Analysis of Cable-Stayed Bridges Under Propagating Excitation by Random Vibration and Deterministic Methods
K. Soyluk and A.A. Dumanoglu |

91 |
Harmonic Excitation of Bridges by Traffic Loads
M.M. Husain and M.K. Swailem |

92 |
Dynamic Effect of Vehicles on Multispan Pre-Stressed Concrete Bridges over Rivers
A.Z. Awad and M.K. Swailem |

93 |
Development and Application of an IFC-Based Bridge Product Model
N. Yabuki and T. Shitani |

94 |
High Performance Computing for High Speed Railways
L. Argandoña, E. Arias, J. Benet, F. Cuartero and T. Rojo |

95 |
On the Analysis of Structure and Ground Borne Noise from Moving Sources
L. Andersen, S.R.K. Nielsen and S. Krenk |

**XIX** | **COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES FOR COMPOSITE MATERIALS** SESSION ORGANISED BY A. RICCIO |

96 |
Influence of Loading Conditions on Impact Induced Delamination in Stiffened Composite Panels
A. Riccio and N. Tessitore |

97 |
Optimisation of Fibre Arrangement of Filament Wound Liquid Oxygen Composite Tanks
R. Barboni, G. Tomassetti and M. de Benedetti |

98 |
Simulating Damage and Permanent Strain in Composites under In-Plane Fatigue Loading
W. Van Paepegem and J. Degrieck |

**XX** | **ANALYSIS OF MASONRY STRUCTURES** |

99 |
Investigation of FRP Consolidated Masonry Panels
A. Baratta and I. Corbi |

100 |
Finite Element Model of a Brick Masonry Four-Sided Cloister Vault Reinforced with FRPs
F. Portioli and R. Landolfo |

101 |
Modelling Masonry Arch Bridges using Commercial Finite Element Software
T.E. Ford, C.E. Augarde and S.S. Tuxford |

102 |
Collapse Analysis of Masonry Arch Bridges
T. Aoki and D. Sabia |

103 |
Limit Analysis of No Tension Bodies and Non Linear Programming
A. Baratta and O. Corbi |

104 |
The Computational Efficiency of Two Rigid Block Analysis Formulations for Application to Masonry Structures
H.M. Ahmed and M. Gilbert |

**XXI** | **SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN** |

105 |
Site Effect Induced in the El-Asnam (Algeria) Earthquake of 10 October 10 1980
K. Tounsi and M. Hammoutène |

106 |
Influence of Damping Systems on Building Structures Subject to Seismic Effects
J. Marko, D. Thambiratnam and N. Perera |

107 |
A New Approach to Seismic Correction using Recursive Least Squares and Wavelet De-Noising
A.A. Chanerley and N.A. Alexander |

108 |
Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of RC Frames under Earthquake Loading
H.G. Kwak and S.P. Kim |

109 |
Probabilistic Model for Seismogenetic Areas in Seismic Risk Analyses
A. Baratta and I. Corbi |

110 |
Behaviour of Solid Waste Landfill Liners under Earthquake Loading
S.P. Gopal Madabhushi and S. Singh |

111 |
Energy Dissipation and Behaviour of Building Façade Systems under Seismic Loads
R. Hareer, D. Thambiratnam and N. Perera |

112 |
Dam-Reservoir Interaction for Incompressible-Unbounded Fluid Domains using a New Truncation Boundary Condition
S. Küçükarslan |

**XXII** | **ACTIVE AND PASSIVE CONTROL OF STRUCTURES** |

113 |
Geometrically Nonlinear Spring and Dash-pot Elements in Base Isolation Systems
C.P. Katsaras, V.K. Koumousis and P. Tsopelas |

114 |
Design of Smart Beams for Suppression of Wind-Induced Vibrations
G.E. Stavroulakis, G. Foutsitzi, V. Hadjigeorgiou, D. Marinov and C.C. Baniotopoulos |

115 |
Continuous Bounded Controller for Active Control of Structures
Y. Arfiadi and M.N.S. Hadi |

**XXIII** | **STRUCTURAL IDENTIFICATION AND DAMAGE DETECTION** |

116 |
Parameter Identification Method using Wavelet Transform
T. Ohkami, J. Nagao and S. Koyama |

117 |
Damage Location Plot: A Non-Destructive Structural Damage Detection Technique
D. Huynh, J. He and D. Tran |

**XXIV** | **STRUCTURAL RELIABILITY: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN** |

118 |
Simulation-Based Reliability Assessment of Tension Structures
S. Kmet, M. Tomko and J. Brda |

119 |
Fuzzy Cluster Design: A New Way for Structural Design
B. Möller, M. Beer and M. Liebscher |

120 |
Numerical Estimation of Sensitivities for Complex Probabilistically-Described Systems
R.E. Melchers and M. Ahammed |

**XXV** | **WATER ENGINEERING** |

121 |
A Peaking Factor Based Statistical Approach to the Incorporation of Variations in Demands in the Reliability Analysis of Water Distribution Systems
S. Surendran, T.T. Tanyimboh and M. Tabesh |

122 |
Water System Entropy: A Study of Redundancy as a Possible Lurking Variable
Y. Setiadi, T.T. Tanyimboh, A.B. Templeman and B. Tahar |

**XXVI** | **GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING** |

123 |
Analysis of Pipe-Soil Interaction for Pipejacking
K.J. Shou and F.W. Chang |

124 |
Static and Pseudo-Static Retaining Wall Earth Pressure Analysis using the Discrete Element Method
A.A. Mirghasemi and M. Maleki-Javan |

125 |
Numerical and Physical Modelling of the Behaviour of Vertical Anchor Walls in Cohesionless Soil
E.A. Dickin |

126 |
Ground Displacements around a Tunnel using Three Dimensional Modelling
M.K. Swailem and A.Z. Awad |

127 |
Effects of Inertial Interaction in Seismic Soil-Pile-Structure Interaction
D.M. Chu and K.Z. Truman |

128 |
Wave-Induced Pore Pressure and Effective Stresses in the Vicinity of a Breakwater
D.-S. Jeng and M. Lin |

**XXVII** | **STRUCTURAL OPTIMISATION** |

129 |
Multi-Objective Optimization Approach to Design and Detailing of RC Frames
M. Leps, R. Vondrácek, J. Zeman and Z. Bittnar |

130 |
Design of Frames using Genetic Algorithms, Force Method and Graph Theory
A. Kaveh and M. Abdie |

131 |
Topology Optimization using Homogenization
Y. Wang, M. Xie and D. Tran |

132 |
Evolutionary Topological Design of Three Dimensional Solid Structures
S. Savas, M. Ulker and M.P. Saka |

133 |
Reliability Based Optimization of Complex Structures using Competitive GAs
C.K. Dimou and V.K. Koumousis |

134 |
Optimal Design of Curved Pre-Stressed Box Girder Bridges
N. Maniatis and V. Koumousis |

135 |
A Simple Self-Design Methodology to Minimise Mass for Composite Structures
M. Walker, R. Smith and D. Jonson |

**XXVIII** | **PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTATIONS** |

136 |
Distributed Finite Element Analysis and the .NET Framework
R.I. Mackie |

137 |
A Low-Cost Parallel Architecture, the Hybrid System, for Solving a Large Linear Matrix System
C.S. Leo, G. Leedham, C.J. Leo and H. Schroder |

138 |
Static Partitioning for Heterogeneous Computational Environments
P. Iványi and B.H.V. Topping |

**XXIX** | **EDUCATION** |

139 |
EuroCADcrete, a Concrete Exercise with the Help of Computer Aided Learning
R. Weener and B. Kumar |