Preliminaries 
I  INTERNET APPLICATIONS 
1 
The Influence of InternetBased Construction Portals
P.J. Gardner 
2 
Web Based Computation for Urban Earthquake Disaster Mitigation
P. Zhu, M. Abe and J. Kiyono 
II  SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENTS AND APPLICATIONS 
3 
Data Extraction in Engineering Software using XML
M.E. Williams, G.R. Consolazio and M.I. Hoit 
4 
Extending Finite Element Software by ComponentOriented Technology
M. Dolenc 
III  CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING: DESIGN, CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 
5 
Virtual Experiments for Innovative Construction Operations
H. Li and S. Kong 
6 
SpatioTemporal Consistency Evaluation on Dynamic 3D Space System Model
Y. Song, D.K.H. Chua, C.L. Chang and S.H. Bok 
7 
Visual Product Chronology: A Solution for Linking Product Modelling Technology with Practical Construction Needs

8 
Analytic Modelling, Diagnostic and ChangeEngineering Tools for Use by Management to Foster Learning in Construction Design Organisations
M. Phiri 
9 
The Application of an OnSite Inspection Support System to a Hydropower Plant
T. Sakata and N. Yabuki 
10 
Efficient Algorithms for OctreeBased Geometric Modelling
R.P. Mundani, H.J. Bungartz, E. Rank, R. Romberg and A. Niggl 
IV  STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS AND STRUCTURAL REANALYSIS 
11 
An Efficient Method for Decomposition of Regular Structures using Algebraic Graph Theory
A. Kaveh and H. Rahami 
12 
Derivation and Implementation of a FlexibilityBased Large Increment Method for Solving NonLinear Structural Problems
W. Barham, A.J. Aref and G.F. Dargush 
13 
The Theorems of Structural Variation for Rectangular Finite Elements for Plate Flexure
M.P. Saka 
14 
A Triangular Finite Element for the Geometrically Nonlinear Analysis of Composite Shells
E. Gal and R. Levy 
V  CHAOS 
15 
Spatial Chaos of Buckled Elastica using the Kirchhoff Analogy of a Gyrostat
A.Y.T. Leung, J.L. Kuang, C.W. Lim and B. Zhu 
VI  BOUNDARY AND FINITE ELEMENT METHODS: THEORY AND METHODS 
16 
Boundary Element Analysis of Contact Film Stiffness
R.S. Hack and A.A. Becker 
17 
Dynamics of a Tunnel: Coupling of Finite Element (FEM) and Integral Transform Techniques (ITM)

18 
A Mixed EnthalpyTemperature Finite Element Method for Generalized PhaseChange Problems
K. Krabbenhoft and L. Damkilde 
19 
On MultiField Approximation Methods
G. Romano, F. Marotti de Sciarra and M. Diaco 
20 
Automatic Differentiation in Computational Mechanics
P.R.B. Devloo and E.S.R. Santos 
VII  MODELLING AND FINITE ELEMENT MESH GENERATION 
21 
Improvement of Mesh Quality by Combining Smoothing Techniques and Local Refinement

22 
hp Auto Adaptive Finite Element Method on 3D Heterogeneous Meshes
P.R.B Devloo, C.M.A.A. Bravo and E.C. Rylo 
VIII  SOLUTION METHODS FOR LARGE SCALE PROBLEMS 
23 
Modified Versions of QMRType Methods

24 
Numerical Solution of Coupled Problems

IX  FINITE ELEMENT STUDIES 
25 
The Fatigue Life Remaining in an Airfield Runway Following an Underground Explosion
J.W. Bull and C.H. Woodford 
26 
A Design Chart for the Design of Flexible Pavements Based on Finite Elements
B.C. Bodhinayake and M.N.S. Hadi 
27 
Modelling of Ferrule Strap Connections to uPVC Pipes
F. Pozzessere, N.A. Alexander and R. Potter 
28 
Finite Element Modelling of Interactions between Openings in OSB Webbed Timber IBeams
E.C. Zhu, Z.W. Guan, P.D. Rodd, D.J. Pope 
29 
Finite Element Modelling of Glulam Beams Prestressed with Pultruded GRP
Z.W. Guan, P.D. Rodd and D.J. Pope 
30 
Numerical Study on SemiRigid Racking Frames
M. AbdelJaber, R.G. Beale and M.H.R. Godley 
31 
Numerical Evaluation of Required Ductility and Load Bearing Capacity for Aluminium Alloy Continuous Beams
M. Manganiello, G. De Matteis, R. Landolfo and F.M. Mazzolani 
X  ANALYSIS OF PLATES 
32 
NonLinear Finite Element Analysis of Functionally Graded Material Sector Plates
M. Salehi and M. Tayefeh 
33 
Micro as Required for Macromechanics of Circular, Annular and Sector Plates
M. Salehi and M. Tayefeh 
34 
An Explicit Geometric Stiffness Matrix of a Triangular Flat Plate Element for the Geometric Nonlinear Analysis of Shell Structures
J.T. Chang and I.D. Huang 
35 
Annular Sector Plates: Comparison of FullSection and Layer Yield Predictions
G.J. Turvey and M. Salehi 
36 
Analysis of Stiffened Plates: An Effective SemiAnalytical Method
J.S. Kuang and H.X. Zhang 
37 
ReissnerMindlin Plate Bending Elements with Shear Freedoms
B.A. Izzuddin and D. Lloyd Smith 
38 
Experimental Response and Numerical Simulation of Plates Submitted to Small Mass Impact
H. Lopes, R.M. Guedes, M.A. Vaz and J.D. Rodrigues 
39 
Analysis of Cracked Plates using Hierarchical Trigonometric Functions
Y.V. Satish Kumar and Y.S. Suh 
40 
On the Computation of Stress Resultants for Plates with Free Edges using the Ritz Method
C.M. Wang and Y. Xiang 
41 
Implementation of a HybridMixed Stress Model based on the Use of Wavelets
L.M. Santos Castro and A.R. Barbosa 
XI  COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF STEEL STRUCTURES SESSION ORGANISED BY M. IVÁNYI 
42 
Buckling Modes of Flattened Edges Rectangular Hollow Members

43 
ObjectOriented Implementation of a Modified Heterosis Plate Finite Element

44 
Numerical Study on Eccentrically Loaded Hot Rolled Steel Single Angle Struts
S. Sambasiva Rao, S.R. Satish Kumar and V. Kalyanaraman 
45 
Integrated Explosion and Fire Analysis of Space Steel Frame Structures
H. Chen and J.Y.R. Liew 
46 
Finite Element Simulations of Lateral Torsional Buckling of Tapered Cantilever Beams
P. Buffel, G. Lagae, R. Van Impe, W. Vanlaere and M. De Beule 
XII  REINFORCED CONCRETE MODELLING AND ANALYSIS 
47 
HybridMixed Stress Model for the NonLinear Analysis of Concrete Structures
C.M. Silva and L.M. Santos Castro 
48 
DamageBased Computational Model for Concrete
A.H. AlGadhib 
49 
An Advanced Concrete Model for RC and Composite Floor Slabs subject to Extreme Loading
B.A. Izzuddin and A.Y. Elghazouli 
50 
A Unified Failure Criterion for Finite Element Analysis of Concrete Structures
P.E.C. Seow, S. Swaddiwudhipong and K.K. Tho 
51 
Evaluation of the Fiber Orientation Effects on the Ductility of the Confined Concrete Elements

52 
Analytical Integration over CrossSections in the Analysis of Spatial ReinforcedConcrete Beams
D. Zupan and M. Saje 
XIII  REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN 
53 
Combined Finite Strip and Beam Elements for Double Tee Slabs
M.A. Ghadeer, J.Q. Ye and A.H. Mansouri 
54 
Effect of Support Conditions on StrutandTie Model of Deep Beams with Web Openings
H. Guan, J. Parsons and S. Fragomeni 
55 
Cyclic Response of RC Shear Walls
H.G. Kwak and D.Y. Kim 
56 
Modelling of Interior Column Loads Transmission through FlatPlate Floors
S.A. Ali Shah and Y. Ribakov 
57 
Size Effect of Compressed Concrete in the Ultimate Limit States of RC Elements
A.P. Fantilli, I. Iori and P. Vallini 
58 
Limit Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Shells of Revolution and its Application
M.A. Danieli (Danielashvili) 
XIV  MATERIALS MODELLING 
59 
Adaptive Simulation of Materials with QuasiBrittle Failure

60 
Modelling of High Strength Concrete Structures
J. Nemecek and Z. Bittnar 
61 
Flowable Concrete: ThreeDimensional Quantitative Simulation and Applications
M.A. Noor and T. Uomoto 
62 
Analytical Modeling of Rheology of High Flowing Mortar and Concrete
M.A. Noor and T. Uomoto 
63 
Material Sensitivity Studies for Homogenised Superconducting Composites
M. Kaminski 
64 
Discontinuous Models for Modelling Fracture of QuasiBrittle Materials
K. De Proft, W.P. De Wilde, G.N. Wells and L.J. Sluys 
XV  STATIC AND DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STEEL AND COMPOSITE STRUCTURES SESSION ORGANISED BY P.C.G. DA S. VELLASCO 
65 
Effect of Cooling on the Behaviour of a Steel Beam under Fire Loading including the End Joint Response

66 
Influence of Joint Slippage on the Cyclic Response of Steel Frames

67 
Behaviour of Pin Connected Tension Joints

68 
Characterisation of the Behaviour of the Column Web Loaded in OutofPlane Bending in the Framework of the Component Method

69 
Evaluation of the PostLimit Stiffness of BeamtoColumn SemiRigid Joints using Genetic Algorithms
L.A.C. Borges, L.R.O. de Lima, L.A.P.S. da Silva and P.C.G. da S. Vellasco 
70 
The Influence of Structural Steel Design Models on the Behaviour of Slender Transmission and Telecommunication Towers
J.G.S. da Silva, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, S.A.L. de Andrade and M.I.R. de Oliveira 
71 
PartialStrength BeamtoColumn Joints for High Ductile SteelConcrete Composite Frames
O.S. Bursi, D. Lucchesi and W. Salvatore 
XVI  VIBRATION ENGINEERING 
72 
A Dynamical Parametric Analysis of SemiRigid Portal Frames
J.G.S. da Silva, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, S.A.L. de Andrade, L.R.O. de Lima and R. de K.D. Lopes 
73 
A Survey of Vibration Serviceability Criteria for Structures
A. Ebrahimpour and R.L. Sack 
74 
Free Vibration of Metallic and Composite Beams Exhibiting BendingTorsion Coupling
H. Su, C.W. Cheung and J.R. Banerjee 
75 
Hybrid Finite Element Analysis of Vibrations of Anisotropic Cylindrical Shells Conveying Fluid
M.H. Toorani, A.A. Lakis and M. Gou 
XVII  BEHAVIOUR OF STRUCTURES FOR DYNAMIC AND MOVING LOADS SESSION ORGANISED BY D. LE HOUÉDEC AND L. FRÝBA 
76 
Stress Ranges in Bridges under High Speed Trains

77 
FEM and FEMBEM Application for Vibration Prediction and Mitigation of Track and Ground Dynamic Interaction under HighSpeed Trains
H. Takemiya and M. Kojima 
78 
Dynamic Behaviour of Ballasted Railway Tracks: a Discrete/Continuous Approach
L. Ricci, V.H. Nguyen, K. Sab, D. Duhamel and L. Schmitt 
79 
Modelling of Multilayer Viscoelastic Road Structures under Moving Loads
D. Duhamel, V.H. Nguyen, A. Chabot and P. Tamagny 
80 
Numerical and Experimental Comparison of 3DModel for the Study of Railway Vibrations

81 
TrainBridge Interaction
G. De Roeck, E. Claes and H. Xia 
82 
Influence of the Second Flexural Mode on the Response of HighSpeed Bridges

83 
Modal Contributions to the Dynamic Response of Simply Supported Bridges for High Speed Vehicles

84 
Dynamic Diagnosis of Bridges
J. Bencat 
85 
Influence of the High Speeds of Moving Trains on the Dynamic Behaviour of MultiSpan Bridges: Comparative Study with Various Types of French Bridges

XVIII  BRIDGE, RAILWAY AND ROAD ENGINEERING: DYNAMICS AND MODELLING 
86 
Stochastic Analysis of Suspension Bridges for Different Correlation Functions
S. Adanur, A.A. Dumanoglu and K. Soyluk 
87 
TrainInduced Ground Vibrations: Experiments and Theory
A. Ditzel and G.C. Herman 
88 
WheelRail Contact Elements Incorporating Rail Irregularities
C.J. Bowe and T.P. Mullarkey 
89 
Analysis of BridgeVehicle Interaction by ComponentMode Synthesis Method
B. Biondi, G. Muscolino and A. Sofi 
90 
Analysis of CableStayed Bridges Under Propagating Excitation by Random Vibration and Deterministic Methods
K. Soyluk and A.A. Dumanoglu 
91 
Harmonic Excitation of Bridges by Traffic Loads
M.M. Husain and M.K. Swailem 
92 
Dynamic Effect of Vehicles on Multispan PreStressed Concrete Bridges over Rivers
A.Z. Awad and M.K. Swailem 
93 
Development and Application of an IFCBased Bridge Product Model
N. Yabuki and T. Shitani 
94 
High Performance Computing for High Speed Railways

95 
On the Analysis of Structure and Ground Borne Noise from Moving Sources
L. Andersen, S.R.K. Nielsen and S. Krenk 
XIX  COMPUTATIONAL TECHNIQUES FOR COMPOSITE MATERIALS SESSION ORGANISED BY A. RICCIO 
96 
Influence of Loading Conditions on Impact Induced Delamination in Stiffened Composite Panels
A. Riccio and N. Tessitore 
97 
Optimisation of Fibre Arrangement of Filament Wound Liquid Oxygen Composite Tanks
R. Barboni, G. Tomassetti and M. de Benedetti 
98 
Simulating Damage and Permanent Strain in Composites under InPlane Fatigue Loading
W. Van Paepegem and J. Degrieck 
XX  ANALYSIS OF MASONRY STRUCTURES 
99 
Investigation of FRP Consolidated Masonry Panels
A. Baratta and I. Corbi 
100 
Finite Element Model of a Brick Masonry FourSided Cloister Vault Reinforced with FRPs
F. Portioli and R. Landolfo 
101 
Modelling Masonry Arch Bridges using Commercial Finite Element Software
T.E. Ford, C.E. Augarde and S.S. Tuxford 
102 
Collapse Analysis of Masonry Arch Bridges
T. Aoki and D. Sabia 
103 
Limit Analysis of No Tension Bodies and Non Linear Programming
A. Baratta and O. Corbi 
104 
The Computational Efficiency of Two Rigid Block Analysis Formulations for Application to Masonry Structures
H.M. Ahmed and M. Gilbert 
XXI  SEISMIC ANALYSIS AND DESIGN 
105 
Site Effect Induced in the ElAsnam (Algeria) Earthquake of 10 October 10 1980

106 
Influence of Damping Systems on Building Structures Subject to Seismic Effects
J. Marko, D. Thambiratnam and N. Perera 
107 
A New Approach to Seismic Correction using Recursive Least Squares and Wavelet DeNoising
A.A. Chanerley and N.A. Alexander 
108 
Nonlinear Dynamic Analysis of RC Frames under Earthquake Loading
H.G. Kwak and S.P. Kim 
109 
Probabilistic Model for Seismogenetic Areas in Seismic Risk Analyses
A. Baratta and I. Corbi 
110 
Behaviour of Solid Waste Landfill Liners under Earthquake Loading
S.P. Gopal Madabhushi and S. Singh 
111 
Energy Dissipation and Behaviour of Building Façade Systems under Seismic Loads
R. Hareer, D. Thambiratnam and N. Perera 
112 
DamReservoir Interaction for IncompressibleUnbounded Fluid Domains using a New Truncation Boundary Condition

XXII  ACTIVE AND PASSIVE CONTROL OF STRUCTURES 
113 
Geometrically Nonlinear Spring and Dashpot Elements in Base Isolation Systems
C.P. Katsaras, V.K. Koumousis and P. Tsopelas 
114 
Design of Smart Beams for Suppression of WindInduced Vibrations
G.E. Stavroulakis, G. Foutsitzi, V. Hadjigeorgiou, D. Marinov and C.C. Baniotopoulos 
115 
Continuous Bounded Controller for Active Control of Structures
Y. Arfiadi and M.N.S. Hadi 
XXIII  STRUCTURAL IDENTIFICATION AND DAMAGE DETECTION 
116 
Parameter Identification Method using Wavelet Transform
T. Ohkami, J. Nagao and S. Koyama 
117 
Damage Location Plot: A NonDestructive Structural Damage Detection Technique
D. Huynh, J. He and D. Tran 
XXIV  STRUCTURAL RELIABILITY: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN 
118 
SimulationBased Reliability Assessment of Tension Structures
S. Kmet, M. Tomko and J. Brda 
119 
Fuzzy Cluster Design: A New Way for Structural Design

120 
Numerical Estimation of Sensitivities for Complex ProbabilisticallyDescribed Systems
R.E. Melchers and M. Ahammed 
XXV  WATER ENGINEERING 
121 
A Peaking Factor Based Statistical Approach to the Incorporation of Variations in Demands in the Reliability Analysis of Water Distribution Systems
S. Surendran, T.T. Tanyimboh and M. Tabesh 
122 
Water System Entropy: A Study of Redundancy as a Possible Lurking Variable
Y. Setiadi, T.T. Tanyimboh, A.B. Templeman and B. Tahar 
XXVI  GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING 
123 
Analysis of PipeSoil Interaction for Pipejacking
K.J. Shou and F.W. Chang 
124 
Static and PseudoStatic Retaining Wall Earth Pressure Analysis using the Discrete Element Method
A.A. Mirghasemi and M. MalekiJavan 
125 
Numerical and Physical Modelling of the Behaviour of Vertical Anchor Walls in Cohesionless Soil
E.A. Dickin 
126 
Ground Displacements around a Tunnel using Three Dimensional Modelling
M.K. Swailem and A.Z. Awad 
127 
Effects of Inertial Interaction in Seismic SoilPileStructure Interaction
D.M. Chu and K.Z. Truman 
128 
WaveInduced Pore Pressure and Effective Stresses in the Vicinity of a Breakwater
D.S. Jeng and M. Lin 
XXVII  STRUCTURAL OPTIMISATION 
129 
MultiObjective Optimization Approach to Design and Detailing of RC Frames

130 
Design of Frames using Genetic Algorithms, Force Method and Graph Theory
A. Kaveh and M. Abdie 
131 
Topology Optimization using Homogenization
Y. Wang, M. Xie and D. Tran 
132 
Evolutionary Topological Design of Three Dimensional Solid Structures
S. Savas, M. Ulker and M.P. Saka 
133 
Reliability Based Optimization of Complex Structures using Competitive GAs
C.K. Dimou and V.K. Koumousis 
134 
Optimal Design of Curved PreStressed Box Girder Bridges
N. Maniatis and V. Koumousis 
135 
A Simple SelfDesign Methodology to Minimise Mass for Composite Structures
M. Walker, R. Smith and D. Jonson 
XXVIII  PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTATIONS 
136 
Distributed Finite Element Analysis and the .NET Framework
R.I. Mackie 
137 
A LowCost Parallel Architecture, the Hybrid System, for Solving a Large Linear Matrix System
C.S. Leo, G. Leedham, C.J. Leo and H. Schroder 
138 
Static Partitioning for Heterogeneous Computational Environments

XXIX  EDUCATION 
139 
EuroCADcrete, a Concrete Exercise with the Help of Computer Aided Learning
R. Weener and B. Kumar 