Preliminaries |

**I** | **INTERNET APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING** |

1 |
Exchanging Geotechnical Data through the World Wide Web
D.G. Toll and A.C. Cubitt |

2 |
E-Commerce in Construction: Barriers and Enablers
K. Ruikar, C.J. Anumba, P.M. Carrillo and G. Stevenson |

**II** | **INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY IN CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING** |

3 |
The IT Concerns of Small and Medium Sized Construction Businesses in the Information Age
J.H.M. Tah, V. Carr and S. Hoile |

4 |
A Quality Management Tool for a Public-Private Partnership Highway Project
J. Rankin, A.J. Christian and B. Lundrigan |

5 |
Information Management in a Decision Support System for Pavement Management
A.P. Chassiakos, D.D. Theodorakopoulos and I.D. Manariotis |

6 |
A Platform for the Integration of Civil Engineering Services and Tools
Z. Turk and R.J. Scherer |

**III** | **CONSTRUCTION MANAGEMENT AND CONSTRUCTION ENGINEERING** |

7 |
Managing Geotechnics in a Mega-Project: The Egnatia Motorway Case in Greece
S. Lambropoulos and E. Sakoubenta |

8 |
The Implementation of a Multi-Agent System for Construction Claims Negotiation
Z. Ren, C.J. Anumba and O.O. Ugwu |

9 |
Component State Model and its Application in Constructablity Analysis of Construction Schedules
D.K.H. Chua and Y. Song |

**IV** | **COMPUTER AIDED DESIGN** |

10 |
Basic Study for Creating 3D Model Spaces from 2D Digital Images with Photogrammetric Technology
S. Tanaka, H. Furuta, E. Kitagawa, H. Noda and H. Muraki |

11 |
Data Extraction for Design and Construction Integration: An Application in Petrochemical Industry
K. Lueprasert and L. Meepradit |

12 |
The Ideal Method of Using Digital Data in Highway Construction Works: From Design to Administration
M. Yamasaki, T. Hongou and Y. Chiba |

**V** | **SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENT** |

13 |
Efficient Object-Oriented Implementation of Boundary Element Software
I.A. Jones, P. Wang, A.A. Becker, D. Chen and T.H. Hyde |

**VI** | **DATA ACQUISITION, MONITORING AND CONTROL** |

14 |
Practical Application of an Advanced Real Time Structural Monitoring System
A. Goodier and S.L. Matthews |

**VII** | **COMPUTERS IN STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS** |

15 |
Efficient Graph Theoretical Methods for Examining the Rigidity of Planar Trusses
A. Kaveh and F.N. Ehsani |

**VIII** | **COMPUTERS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING DESIGN** |

16 |
Three-Dimensional Structural Modelling of Multi-Storey Buildings for Obtaining Moment Envelopes
T.M. Nahhas and M.H. Imam |

17 |
Behaviour of Pre-Damaged T-Shaped Reinforced Concrete Beams
M.B. Emara and A.G. Sherif |

18 |
Behaviour of Steel-Concrete Composite Beam with Flexible Shear Stud
H.G. Kwak and Y.J. Seo |

19 |
The Effects of Infill Walls on the Behaviour of Frames under Horizontal Loads
A. Karaduman, Z. Polat and M.Y. Kaltakci |

20 |
The Influence of Repaired Slabs in Coupled Shear Walls
A. Nadjai and D. Johnson |

21 |
Segmentation of Structures into Planar Elements: An Error-tolerant Computation Method
S.P. Manikandan and B. Emmanuel |

22 |
A Study of the Effect of Crack Propagation and Fracturing on Rock Slope Stability Analysis by Discontinuous Deformation Analysis
R. Naderi |

**IX** | **ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF TENSION STRUCTURES** |

23 |
Development of an Advanced System for Analysis and Design of Tensile Structures
T.H. Zhang and S.L. McCabe |

24 |
A Cable and Membrane Pseudo Stiffness Implementation
J. Muylle and B.H.V. Topping |

**X** | **STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: BUCKLING & STABILITY COMPUTATIONS** |

25 |
The Influence of Column Base Connectivity on the Carrying Capacity of Columns
H.H. Lau, M.H.R. Godley and R.G. Beale |

26 |
A Lateral Torsion Buckling Analysis of Elastic Beam under Axial Force and Bending Moment
K.M. Hsiao and W.Y. Lin |

27 |
A New Beam Finite Element for Tapered Members
N. Boissonnade and J.P. Muzeau |

28 |
Dynamic Buckling of Columns Considering Shear Deformation and Rotary Inertia
M. Ghorashi |

29 |
Buckling Behaviour of FRP Thin-Walled Lipped Channel Members
N. Silvestre and D. Camotim |

30 |
Elastic Flexural-Torsional Buckling and Postbuckling of Arches subjected to a Central Concentrated Load
Y.L. Pi and M.A. Bradford |

31 |
Lateral Buckling Analysis of Thin-walled Composite I-section Beams
J. Lee and S. Lee |

32 |
Optimal Design of Stiffened Plates for Buckling under in-plane Forces and Bending Moments
M. Ghorashi, A. Askarian and M. Gashtasby |

**XI** | **STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS: DYNAMIC COMPUTATIONS** |

33 |
Impact Envelope Formula of Simple Beams due to High Speed Trains
J.D. Yau and Y.B. Yang |

34 |
Dynamical Analysis of Composite Steel Decks Floors Subjected to Rhythmic Load Actions
J.G.S. da Silva, F.J. da C.P. Soeiro, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, S.A.L. de Andrade and R. Werneck |

35 |
A New Method for Dynamic Modelling of a Suspension Bridge for Aerodynamic Instability
C.P. Pagwiwoko, M.A.M. Said and C.K. Keong |

**XII** | **EARTHQUAKE AND SEISMIC COMPUTATIONS** |

36 |
Seismic Hazard Assessment in The State of Kuwait
A.W. Sadek |

37 |
Study of the Dynamic and Equivalent Static Analysis Methods for Seismic Design of Bridges: Ranges of Applicability, Effect of Modelling Assumptions, and Support Conditions
M.M. Bakhoum and S. Athanasious |

38 |
Design Optimization of Seismic-Resistant Steel Frames
H. Moharrami and S.A. Alavinasab |

39 |
A Review of Procedures used for the Correction of Seismic data
N.A. Alexander, A.A. Chanerley and N. Goorvadoo |

40 |
Distress and Restoration of an Old Building damaged by the 07.09.99 Athens Earthquake
I.D. Lefas and V.N. Georgiannou |

41 |
Modelling of Continuous Slab-Girder Bridges for Seismic Analysis
S. Maleki |

42 |
Non-linear Finite Element Analysis of Slab Effects in Reinforced Concrete Structures Subjected to Earthquake Loads
M.B. Emara and H.M. Hosny |

**XIII** | **ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES** |

43 |
Non-linear Analysis of Steel I-Girders Curved in-plan under a Uniformly Distributed Load
M.A. Bradford, B. Uy and Y.L. Pi |

44 |
Practical Non-linear Analysis for 3D Semi-rigid Frames
S.E. Kim |

45 |
Collapse Load of Optimally Designed Unbraced Flexibly Connected Steel Frames
E.S. Kameshki |

46 |
Optimum Design of Pitched Roof Steel Frames with Haunched Rafters by Genetic Algorithm
M.P. Saka |

47 |
Modelling of the Structural Fire Response of Steel Framed Buildings
A.Y. Elghazouli and B.A. Izzuddin |

**XIV** | **ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF CONNECTIONS AND FASTENERS** |

48 |
Design of Bolted Joints in Pressure Vessels by Dynamic Modelling
M. Ghorashi |

49 |
Finite Element Modelling of Threaded Fastener Loosening due to Dynamic Forces
M. Holland and D. Tran |

**XV** | **ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES** |

50 |
An Experimental Study on the Behaviour of Normal and Lightweight Reinforced Concrete Corbels and Analysis with Truss/Strut-and-Tie Model
M.Y. Kaltakci and G. Yavuz |

51 |
Cracking Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Tension Members using Polynomial Strain Distribution Function
H.G. Kwak and J.Y. Song |

52 |
Thermal Load Produced Part-Through Cracks in Cement Mortar Layer on Foamed Concrete System Floors
J.H.J. Kim |

53 |
Efficient Procedure for Stress Integration in Concrete Sections using a Gauss-Legendre Quadrature
J.L. Bonet, P.F. Miguel, M.A. Fernandez and M.L. Romero |

54 |
Effects of Torsion on the Flexural Stiffness of the Rectangular Reinforced Concrete Sections
M.J. Fadaee and M. Banihashemi |

55 |
Derivation and Parametric Study of a Damaged Reinforced Concrete Element
Y. Liu, C.K. Soh and Y.X. Dong |

56 |
Analytical Solutions for Uniaxial Bending Design of Reinforced Concrete T Cross Sections according to The Eurocode 2 Standard
M. Skrinar |

57 |
Optimum Design of Reinforced Concrete Continuous Beams by Genetic Algorithms
M.N.S. Hadi |

**XVI** | **COMPUTATIONAL MODELLING OF COMPOSITE MATERIALS AND STRUCTURES** |

58 |
Free Vibration of Sandwich Beams using the Dynamic Stiffness Method
J.R. Banerjee |

59 |
Theoretical Study of Anisotropic Laminated Shells with Shear Deformation
I.N. Kwun, J.Y. Kim and T.J. Kwun |

60 |
Homogenization Method in Stochastic Finite Element Analysis of some 1D Composite Structures
M. Kaminski |

61 |
Mechanical and Thermal Fatigue of Curved Composite Beams
L. Figiel and M. Kaminski |

62 |
Three-Dimensional Progressive Damage Analysis of Composite Joints
P. Perugini, A. Riccio and F. Scaramuzzino |

**XVII** | **FIRE RESISTANCE OF STRUCTURES** |

63 |
Fire Performance of Single Leaf Masonry Walls
A. Nadjai, M. O'Gara and F. Ali |

64 |
Finite Element Analysis of the Fire Resistance of Reinforced Concrete Columns
X.X. Zha, L.Y. Li and J.A. Purkiss |

65 |
Fire Resistance of Slim Floors Protected using Intumescent Coatings
W. Sha |

66 |
Non-linear Fire Resistance Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Frames
S. Bratina, G. Turk, M. Saje and I. Planinc |

67 |
Fire Resistance of Protected Asymmetric Slim Floor Beams
W. Sha |

**XVIII** | **FINITE ELEMENT METHODS IN CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING** |

68 |
Finite Element Analyses of Steel Beam to Concrete-Filled Circular Steel Tube Column Connections
C.C. Chen and H.L. Li |

69 |
Finite Element Simulation of Post-Elastic Strain Energy Release Rate for Ductile Thin Wall Structure
D. Tran |

70 |
The Effects of Temperature Variation on the Creep Behaviour of Pressure Vessels using Theta Projection Data
M. Law, W. Payten and K. Snowden |

**XIX** | **WAVE PROPAGATION PROBLEMS** |

71 |
Wave Problems in Infinite Domains
M. Premrov and I. Spacapan |

72 |
Special Finite Elements for High Frequency Elastodynamic Problems: First Numerical Experiments
O. Laghrouche, P. Bettess and D. Le Houédec |

73 |
Wave Motion In Infinite Inhomogeneous Waveguides
I. Spacapan and M. Premrov |

**XX** | **NON-LINEAR ANALYSIS** |

74 |
A Study on the Effect of Static and Cyclic Loading and Linear and Non-Linear Material Properties in the Analysis of Flexible Pavements by Finite Element Modelling
M.N.S. Hadi and B.C. Bodhinayake |

75 |
Updated Lagrangian Formulation using ESA Approach in Large Rotation Problems of Thin-Walled Beam-Type Structures
G. Turkalj, J. Brnic and J. Prpic-Orsic |

76 |
Non-linear Analysis of Composite Floor Slabs with Geometric Orthotropy
B.A. Izzuddin, X.Y. Tao and A.Y. Elghazouli |

77 |
Non-linear Behaviour, Failure Loads and Inelastic Buckling of Multispan Cable-Stayed Bridges
M.M. Bakhoum, G. Helmy, W.A. Attia and M. Mourad |

78 |
Geometric Non-linear Analysis of General Shell Structures Using a Flat Triangular Shell Element
M.H. Jang, J.Y. Kim and T.J. Kwun |

79 |
Insitu Considerations for Non-linear Buckling Analysis
S.H. Lee |

**XXI** | **COMPUTATIONAL METHODS** |

80 |
Grid Generation Using Finite Fourier Series
T. Ohkami and S. Goto |

81 |
Constitutive Error Estimator for the Control of Contact Problems involving Friction
J.Ph. Combe, F. Louf and J.P. Pelle |

82 |
The Dynamic Behaviour of a Cracked Beam Subjected to a White Noise Input
P. Cacciola, N. Impollonia and G. Muscolino |

83 |
About Sensitivity Analysis for Elastoplastic Systems at Large Strains
T. Rojc and B. Stok |

84 |
Determination of Constitutive Material Parameters for Sheet Metal Forming
M. Kompis and T.G. Faurholdt |

85 |
Local Error Estimator for Stresses in 3D Structural Analysis
E. Florentin, L. Gallimard, P. Ladevèze and J.P. Pelle |

86 |
The Three-Dimensional Beam Theory: Finite Element Formulation based on Curvature
D. Zupan and M. Saje |

87 |
Element-Free Crack Propagation by Partition of Unity Weighted Quadrature
A. Carpinteri, G. Ferro and G. Ventura |

88 |
Sensitivity of Inverse Boundary Element Techniques to Errors in Photoelastic Measurements
P. Wang, A.A. Becker, I.A. Jones and T.H. Hyde |

**XXII** | **PARALLEL AND DISTRIBUTED COMPUTATIONS** |

89 |
Influence of Domain Decomposition on Solution of Equation Systems
J. Kruis and Z. Bittnar |

90 |
An Explicit Parallel Procedure for Non-linear Structural Mechanics with Distributed Computing
M.L. Romero, J.I. Aliaga, J.L. Bonet, M.A. Fernandez and P.F. Miguel |

91 |
Generation of All-Quadrilateral Meshes Using a Triangular Mesh Generator
D. Rypl and Z. Bittnar |

92 |
Convergence of the Iterative Group-Implicit Algorithm for Parallel Transient Finite Element Analysis
Y. Dere and E.D. Sotelino |

**XXIII** | **OPTIMIZATION** |

93 |
Quantitative Stiffness-based Optimal Design of Tall Buildings using a Condensed Lateral Stiffness Matrix
H.J. Lee, D.H. Lee, H.W. Lee and H.S. Kim |

94 |
Multiobjective Optimal Design of Structures under Stochastic Loads
H. Jensen |

95 |
Extended Study on Limit Analysis of Masonry Wall with Openings
A. Miyamura, A. DeStefano, Y. Kohama and T. Takada |

96 |
A Review of the Self-Designing Structures Approach on the Optimisation of Engineering Structures
J.W. Bull and Z. Pitouras |

97 |
Topological Optimization of an Aircraft Engine Mount via Bit-masking Oriented Genetic Algorithms
L. Iuspa, F. Scaramuzzino and P. Petrenga |

98 |
Shape Optimization Problem for Incompressible Viscous Flow based on Optimal Control Theory
T. Ochiai and M. Kawahara |

99 |
A Computational Methodology to Select the Best Material Combinations and Optimally Design Composite Sandwich Panels for Minimum Cost
M. Walker and R. Smith |

100 |
Optimum Design of Cable-Stayed Bridges with Imprecise Data
L.M.C. Simões and J.H. Negrão |

101 |
Structural Optimisation of an Orthotropic Plate
D. Tran |

102 |
Application of Simulated Annealing to Optimal Barreling of Externally Pressurised Shells
J. Blachut |

**XXIV** | **GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING: INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY** |

103 |
Development of a Database Oriented Software for Construction Material Selection in Contaminated Soils
A.J. Puppala, V. Mohan, E.C. Crosby and S. Valluru |

104 |
Geotechnical Parameter Prediction from Large Data Sets
I. Davey-Wilson |

105 |
Enhancing Geotechnical Education using Interactive Multimedia Simulations
M. Budhu |

**XXV** | **GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN** |

106 |
Numerical Modeling of Nailed Soil Walls in Vertical Excavation
Y.S. Hong, R.H. Chen, C.S. Wu |

107 |
A Limit Analysis Method for Nailed Earth Slopes
Y.S. Hong |

108 |
Lateral Pile Response due to Interface Yielding
W.D. Guo |

109 |
Finite Element Predictions of Centrifuge Tests on Liquefiable Reinforced Soils
O.O.R. Famiyesin, A.A. Rodger and A. Matheson |

110 |
A Microstructural Computation Simulation Model of Loess Soils
S.C. Dibben, I.F. Jefferson and I.J. Smalley |

111 |
Finite Element Analysis of an Offshore Pipeline Buried in a Porous Seabed: Effects of Cover Layer
D.S. Jeng and P.F. Postma |

112 |
Subgrade Modulus for Laterally Loaded Piles
W.D. Guo |

113 |
Modelling of the Effect of an Impulse on a Ground Anchorage System
R.D. Neilson, A. Ivanovic, A. Starkey and A.A. Rodger |

114 |
Numerical Modelling of Ground Anchorages Employed in the Field
A. Ivanovic, A. Starkey, R.D. Neilson and A.A. Rodger |

115 |
Propagation of Vibrations from a Railway Track Lying on a Semi-Infinite Soft Ground
B. Picoux, G. Lefeuve-Mesgouez and D. Le Houédec |

116 |
Combined Structural and Coastal Loads on an Offshore Pile: A Numerical Study
J.A. Eicher, H. Guan and D.S. Jeng |

117 |
A Software with Integrated Graphics Platform for Limit Analyses of Geotechnical Problems
L. Santos da Silva, M.M. Farias and C.L. Sahlit |

118 |
Finite Element Predictions of the Dynamic Effects on an adjacent Structure
A. Rouaiguia and I. Jefferson |

119 |
Computer Monitoring of Load Test on Piles
G. Lipnik, B. Kovacic and P. Sparl |

120 |
Computer Simulation and Video for Consolidation Testing
U.F.A. Karim and J. de Goeijen |

121 |
Consolidation of Soft Clays with Large Strains
C.J. Leo and K.H. Xie |

122 |
Behaviour of Landfill Liners under Earthquake Loading
S.P.G. Madabhushi and S. Singh |

**XXVI** | **SOIL-STRUCTURE INTERACTION: ANALYSIS AND MODELLING** |

123 |
Implicit Integration of Elastoplastic Constitutive Equations of Interface Element
F. Cai and K. Ugai |

124 |
Dynamic Analysis of a Steam Turbine Support Structure
V. Karthigeyan, G.K.V. Prakhya and K. Vekaria |

125 |
Effect of Base Level to Internal Forces of a Structure in case of Earthquake
J. Györgyi and S. Ádány |

**XXVII** | **WATER ENGINEERING: ANALYSIS AND DESIGN** |

126 |
Regional Flood Frequency Analysis using L-Moments
G. Onusluel, S.D. Ozkul and N.B. Harmancioglu |

127 |
Assessment of Information related to Floods
N.B. Harmancioglu, C.P. Cetinkaya and S.D. Ozkul |