Preliminaries 
1  INNOVATIVE TECHNIQUES IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING COMPUTATION: PLENARY INVITED PAPER 

1.1 
From Continua to Discontinua  A Combined Finite Element / Discrete Element Modelling in Civil Engineering
N. Bicanic, A. Munjiza, D.R.J. Owen and N. Petrinic 
1 
2  TECHNIQUES FOR STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 

2.1 
The Galerkin Method Applied to Compressive Membrane Action
C.T. Morley and A.A. Olonisakin 
15 
2.2 
NonLinear Combinatorial Force Method
A. Mokhtarzadeh and A. Kaveh 
21 
2.3 
Recursive Boundary Enhancement (RBE), an Algorithm for Computational Portraits of Basins of Attraction in NonLinear Dynamical Systems
N.A. Alexander 
29 
2.4 
Analysis of Pantographic Deployable Structures using Pantograph Stiffness Matrix
A. Davaran and A. Kaveh 
37 
2.5 
Solving NonLinear Elliptic Difference Equations by Explicit Preconditioning SemiDirect Methods
E.A. Lipitakis and A.S. Piperakis 
45 
2.6 
Substructuring for the Combinatorial Force Method of Structural Analysis
A. Kaveh, G.R. Roosts and A. MokhtarZadeh 
53 
2.7 
Efficient Solution Procedures For the Stochastic Finite Element Analysis of Space Frames using the Monte Carlo Simulation
V. Papadopoulos and M. Papadrakakis 
61 
2.8 
Modelling of Laterally Loaded Pipelines using Elastic Beam on Elastic Foundation Approach
C.F. Ng, I.C. Pyrah and W.F. Anderson 
71 
3  DYNAMIC ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURES 

3.1 
Long Span Bridge Dynamics  Modal EigenResponse and Mass Participation
J.G. Beith and T.J.A. Agar 
77 
3.2 
The Dynamic Behaviour of Elastic Steel Columns
G.H. Little 
83 
3.3 
Improved Identification and Control of Structures using a Modified State Space SVDbased Algorithm
M. Abdelghani, L. FekihAhmed and B. Crosnier 
95 
4  FINITE ELEMENT TECHNOLOGY 

4.1 
Evaluation of Accuracy of an Enhanced Finite Element
F. Molenkamp, C.B. Sharma and E. Lewis 
101 
4.2 
A Family of Elements to Model Power Type Singularity
M.M. Abdel Wahab and G. De Roeck 
109 
4.3 
Some Consistent Finite Element Formulations of 1D Beam Models: A Comparative Study
J.M. Ortuzar and A. Samartin 
117 
4.4 
The Effect of the Integration Order Used for the Formation of Fluid Surface Stiffness on the Behavior of Fluid
Y. Calayir and A.A. Dumanoglu 
133 
4.5 
Finite Element Nodal Ordering Methods
A. Kaveh and M. MalekZadeh 
141 
4.6 
Reliable Finite Element Analysis through Decomposition of the Idealisation Process
R. Vignjevic, A.J. Morris and A.D. Belegundu 
149 
5  OBJECTORIENTED FINITE ELEMENT TECHNIQUES 

5.1 
ObjectOriented Finite Element Techniques: Towards a General Purpose Environment
Th. Zimmermann, P. Bomme, D. Eyheramendy, L. Vernier and S. Commend 
161 
5.2 
Object Oriented Finite Element Analysis (I) Matrix Operations
M.N. Zaher, A.Y. Akl and H.M. Emam 
173 
5.3 
Object Oriented Finite Element Analysis (II) the Finite Element Procedure
M.N. Zaher, A.Y. Akl and H.M. Emam 
187 
6  BOUNDARY ELEMENT METHODS 

6.1 
Boundary Element Analysis of Gravitational Loading on Structures
A.A. Becker and M.J.A. Mihsein 
197 
7  ADAPTIVE FINITE ELEMENT PROCEDURES 

7.1 
Adaptive Finite Element Analysis of Stiffened Shells
J.W. Bull, P. Bettes, I. Appelgarth, L.Y. Li and T. Bond 
205 
7.2 
Comparison of Adaptive Procedures for Coupled Finite Element Analysis of Thermal Strain History During Continuous Solidification Processes
J.R. Boehmer, G. Funk, M. Jordan and F.N. Fett 
211 
8  MATERIALS MODELLING 

8.1 
Application of a Kinematic ElastoPlastic Soil Model to Monotonic and Cyclic Loading
P.K. Woodward 
229 
9  HOMOGENIZATION TECHNIQUES 

9.1 
Continuous Modelling of Lattice Structures by Homogenization
H. Tollenaere and D. Cailleire 
239 
9.2 
Continuum Modeling of Lattice Structures in Large Displacement Framework
G. Moreau and D. Caillerie 
245 
10  SENSITIVITY ANALYSIS AND APPROXIMATION CONCEPTS FOR STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION 

10.1 
An Improved Reanalysis Method for GrillageType Structures
U. Kirsch and F. Moses 
253 
10.2 
The Theorems of Structural Variation for Solid Cubic Elements
M.P. Saka 
261 
10.3 
Sensitivity Analysis of Shells Undergoing Static Deformation or Free Vibration
S.M.B. Afonso and E. Hinton 
273 
11  STRUCTURAL OPTIMIZATION 

11.1 
Retrofit of Structures by Optimal Distribution of Clearances
M.B. Fuchs and R. Halevy 
287 
11.2 
Optimum Design of Nonlinear Elastic Framed Domes
M.P. Saka and E. Kameshki 
295 
11.3 
Search Mechanisms for Discrete Structural Optimization Problems
S. Shanmuganathan and S. Manoharan 
305 
12  TOPOLOGICAL AND SHAPE OPTIMIZATION 

12.1 
Fast Topological Design in Bidimensional Elasticity
J.E. Souza de Cursi 
313 
12.2 
Some Experiences in Structural Topology Optimization
E. Hinton and B. Hassani 
323 
12.3 
Computational Form Finding and Layout of Plate, Shell, and Membrane Structures by Structural Optimization
K.U. Bletzinger 
333 
12.4 
Studies with a Robust and Reliable Structural Shape Optimization Tool
J. Sienz and E. Hinton 
343 
12.5 
Tool Design Optimization in Extrusion Processes
A. Mihelic and B. Stok 
359 
13  FINITE ELEMENT MESH GENERATION 

13.1 
Mesh Generation and Data Structures for the Finite Element Analysis of Shear Wall Buildings
N.K. Oztorun, E. Citipitioglu and N. Akkas 
367 
13.2 
Mesh Generation for Arch and ArchGravity Dams
J.P.F. O'Connor 
383 
13.3 
Improved Adaptive Quadrilateral Mesh Generation using Fission Elements
B. Cheng and B.H.V. Topping 
391 
13.4 
Parallel Adaptive Tetrahedral Mesh Generation
J. Wilson and B.H.V. Topping 
403 
14  VECTOR AND PARALLEL PROCESSING 

14.1 
Vectorization using a Personal Computer
Y.P. Huang, Y.C. Kuo, S.C. Lee, C.P. Chen and M.S. Liu 
427 
14.2 
Finite Element Analysis Package for Static and Dynamic Bridge Analysis
T.E. Fenske and J. Yu 
437 
14.3 
Parallel SubDomain Generation Method
B.H.V. Topping and J. Sziveri 
449 
14.4 
A Parallel Implementation of Recursive Spectral Bisection
C. Seale and B.H.V. Topping 
459 
14.5 
Parallel Optimization of Geometrically Nonlinear Truss Structures
K.R. Leimbach and D. Hartmann 
475 