Preliminaries 
I  INTELLIGENT STRUCTURES 
1 
From Active to Intelligent Structures
I.F.C. Smith 
II  INFORMATION TECHNOLOGY AND DESIGN 
2 
Design Process Improvement through an IT Supported Design Process
D. Ruikar, W. Tizani and R. Smith 
3 
KnowledgeBased Information Retrieval in Project Extranets
E.T. Santos and L.A. Nascimento 
III  DESIGN TECHNOLOGIES 
4 
WebBased Concurrent Conceptual Design
J. Miles, D. Bouchlaghem, C. Anumba, M. Chen, M. Taylor and H. Shang 
5 
A Steel Member Design System using Distributed MultiAgents and SOAP
N. Yabuki and J. Kotani 
6 
Modelling Design Constraints for an Automated Design Process
R.A. Smith, W. Tizani and D. Ruikar 
IV  KNOWLEDGE BASED SYSTEMS 
7 
An Industrial Site Selection System: Use of COM in Integrating an Intelligent GISAHP Application
N. Eldin, K. Eldrandaly, M. Shouman and G. Nawara 
8 
Expert System for PostEarthquake Building Damage Evaluation

9 
Knowledge Based Systems Applications for Dam Engineering, Railway Tunnelling and Structural Design
E.A. Portela, F. Farinha, C.S. Domingues and L.R. Sousa 
10 
Application of Expert Systems in Damage Assessment of Reinforced Concrete Structures
M.H. Fazel Zarandi and J. Sobhani and A.A. Ramezanianpour 
V  KBS: MODELLING, REPRESENTATION AND PROCESSING 
11 
Managing Risk through Fuzzy Logic
D. Baloi 
12 
The Control of Upgrade Activities for Long Tunnels by an Intelligent System
M. Cristani, G.A. Khoury and C.E. Majorana 
13 
Modelling Expert Decisions for Highway Bridge Maintenance
P. Vagiotas, A.P. Chassiakos and D.D. Theodorakopoulos 
VI  DATABASE AND INFORMATION SYSTEMS IN CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING SESSION ORGANISED BY K. ORSBORN 
14 
Distribution and Synchronisation of Engineering Information using Active Database Technology
H. Ma, H. Johansson and K. Orsborn 
15 
Analysis of Missing Data in a Geotechnical Database
I.E.G. DaveyWilson 
16 
Technology Management on Large Construction Building Projects
D. Hamani, F. Ameziane and S. Lasserre 
VII  THE EFFECT OF PREMEDITATED DESTRUCTIVE EFFECTS ON THE PERFORMANCE OF CONSTRUCTED FACILITIES SESSION ORGANISED BY F.C. HADIPRIONO 
17 
The Balance of Public Policy and Engineering in CounterTerrorism
R. Watkins, J.W. Duane, T.I. Stewart, F.C. Hadipriono and J.I. Watkins 
18 
Consequences of Water Treatment Failure due to a Premeditated Destructive Event
C.C. Hinds, J.W. Duane, C.C. Tseng and F.C. Hadipriono 
19 
A Method for Capturing Knowledge of Vulnerability to Destructive Events
J.W. Duane, C.C. Tseng, F.C. Hadipriono, C.C. Hinds, T.I. Stewart and N.S. AlKaabi 
20 
Evaluating Perception of Building Safety from Premeditated Destructive Events
C.C. Tseng, J W. Duane, F.C. Hadipriono and N.S. AlKaabi 
21 
An Intelligent Advisor for Construction Site Safety Control
N.S. AlKaabi, R.E. Larew, F.C. Hadipriono, J.W. Duane and C.C. Tseng 
22 
Crane Failure Analysis using Fault Tree and Fuzzy Logic
C. Wong, F.C. Hadipriono, J.W. Duane, R.E. Larew and D.H. Barker 
23 
Evaluation of Diaphragm Wall Construction using Fuzzy Sets and Fuzzy Logic
Y.B. Ko, F.C. Hadipriono R.E. Larew and J.W. Duane 
24 
Fuzzy Control in a Safety Evaluation for Campus Parking Garages
C.C. Tseng, F.C. Hadipriono and J.W. Duane 
25 
An Evaluation of Slab Connections in a LiftSlab Method
T.S. Aydin, J.W. Duane and F.C. Hadipriono 
26 
Assessing MultiStory Building Failure due to Premeditated Destructive Events
A. Eapen, F.C. Hadipriono and J.W. Duane 
27 
Fuzzy Logic Assessment of Slab Failure due to Terrorist Attack
K.M. Ng, F.C. Hadipriono, R.E. Larew and J.W. Duane 
28 
Fuzzy Fault Tree Analysis of Slab Failure from Premeditated Destructive Events
K.M. Ng, J.W. Duane and F.C. Hadipriono 
VIII  DEVELOPMENTS IN GENETIC ALGORITHM TECHNOLOGY 
29 
MultiObjective Optimisation with Robustness and Uncertainty
B. Aitbrik, N. Bouhaddi, S. Cogan and S.J. Huang 
IX  GENETIC ALGORITHMS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 
30 
Optimal Design of Urban Water Supply Networks using Fuzzy Linguistic Parameters and Genetic Algorithms
L.S. Vamvakeridou  Lyroudia 
31 
A MATLABBased Genetic Algorithm Solution to Overall BenefitDuration Optimization (OBDO)
S.K. Ting and H. Pan 
32 
Bus Route and Schedule Optimisation using a Genetic Algorithm

X  GENETIC ALGORITHMS IN STRUCTURAL ANALYSIS 
33 
Collapse Load Factor for RigidPlastic Analysis of Frames using a Genetic Algorithm
A. Kaveh and K. Khanlari 
34 
Estimation of Microplane Model Parameters using a Parallel Genetic Algorithm

XI  GENETIC ALGORITHMS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING DESIGN 
35 
Application of Genetic Algorithms for the Automated Design of Offshore Riser Systems
N. Cunliffe and T.J. McCarthy 
36 
Determining the Optimal Cross Section of Beams
D.R. Griffiths and J.C. Miles 
37 
Discrete Optimum Design of Geometrically NonLinear Trusses using Genetic Algorithms
M.N.S. Hadi and K.S. Alvani 
38 
Optimization of Truss Structures using Value Encoding in a Genetic Algorithm
T. Dede, Y. Ayvaz and S. Bekiroglu 
39 
A Procedure for using GAs and the FEM to Minimise the Weight of Composite Structures
M. Walker and R.E. Smith 
XII  APPLICATION OF GENETIC ALGORITHMS WITH NEURAL NETWORKS TO DESIGN 
40 
Feedbackbased Neural Networks in Structural Optimisation of Aerospace Structures
W. Ruijter, R. Spallino, J. Entzinger and J. Hol 
41 
AI Knowledge Model on Comfort and Safety in a Housing Complex
M.E. Haque and V. Karandikar 
42 
Optimum Design of Structures by an Improved Genetic Algorithm using Neural Networks
E. Salajegheh and S. Gholizadeh 
XIII  NEURAL NETWORKS AND HYBRID SYSTEMS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING SESSION ORGANISED BY P.C.G. DA S. VELLASCO 
43 
Assessment of Test Data Quality Check Tools using Neural Networks
J.P. Lanslots and A. Vecchio 
44 
A NeuroFuzzy System for Patch Load Prediction
E.T. Fonseca, P.C.G. da S. Vellasco, M.M.B.R. Vellasco and S.A.L. de Andrade 
45 
Developing Optimal FeedForward Neural Networks using a Constructive Dynamic Training Method and Pruning with a Genetic Algorithm
W. Wang, W. Lu, X. Wang and A.Y.T. Leung 
46 
Fuzzy Clustering Techniques to Automatically Assess Stabilization Diagrams
J.P. Lanslots, M. Scionti and A. Vecchio 
47 
Artificial Neural Networks Based Control Method for WindExcited Buildings
K.A. BaniHani 
XIV  NEURAL NETWORKS IN CIVIL ENGINEERING 
48 
Estimation of Wave Spectral Shapes using ANNs
R. Naithani and M.C. Deo 
49 
Artificial Neural Networks for Determination of Design Spectra of Iran
M. Tehranizadeh and M. Safi 
50 
Assessment of ChiChi EarthquakeInduced Liquefaction: Application of ANN Model
D.S. Jeng, T.L. Lee and C. Lin 
51 
Artificial Neural Network Modelling of Runoff from Storms in Urban Areas
J. Yang and M. Bruen 
52 
Prediction of Air Pollutant Levels using Support Vector Machines: An Effective Tool
W. Lu, W. Wang, X. Wang and A.Y.T. Leung 
53 
Development of AI Techniques for the Condition Monitoring of Ground Anchorages
A.J. Starkey, A. Ivanovic, R.D. Neilson and A.A. Rodger 
54 
Neural Network Modelling of Single Adhesive Anchors under Tensile Loading
A.F. Ashour and S.S.S. Sakla 
55 
Application of ANN for the Prediction of Properties of High Performance Concrete
M.I. Khan 
56 
Prediction of Phytotoxicity of Metal Uptake in Plants using Artificial Neural Networks
M.A. Gharaibeh and K.A. BaniHani 
57 
A Neural Network Approach for Seepage Control in Earth Dams

XV  NEURAL NETWORKS IN STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 
58 
Identification for Critical Flutter Load of a Nonuniform Lshaped Cracked Shaft subjected to a Follower Force (OutofPlane Vibration)
I. Takahashi 
59 
Use of Neural Networks and Splines in Design and Assessment of Civil Engineering Structures
L. Schueremans and D. Van Gemert 
60 
Evaluation of the Deflection of Laminated Plates using Artificial Neural Networks
R. Abbasnia and J. Sobhani 
61 
Concrete Strength Prediction with Neural Networks
J. Bai, S. Wild, B.B. Sabir, C.W. Morris and P. Angel 
62 
BP and RBF Neural Networks for Predicting Displacements and the Design of Schwedler Domes
A. Kaveh and M. Raeissi Dehkordi 
63 
Structural Response Extraction from Sound Vibration Measurements using Neural Networks
N. Bourahla, R. Taleb and T. Boukhemacha 
64 
Concrete Shear Capacity of Single Anchors Located Near a Concrete Edge using Neural Networks
A.F. Ashour and M.A. Alqedra 
65 
Timber Structural Design Based on Neural Networks Application and FE 3D Parametric Modelling
A. Bjelanovic and V. Rajcic 
XVI  CELLULAR AUTOMATA APPLICATIONS IN CIVIL AND STRUCTURAL ENGINEERING 
66 
Traffic Flow Simulation using a Stochastic Velocity Model and Cellular Automata
T. Tamaki, S. Yasue and E. Kita 
67 
Predicting the Behaviour of Laterally Loaded Masonry Wall Panels using Cellular Automata
M.Y. Rafiq, G.C. Zhou, D.J. Easterbrook and G. Bugmann 
XVII  IMAGE PROCESSING AND PATTERN RECOGNITION 
68 
Rough Sets Based Extraction Method of Characteristics from Bridge Images
M. Hirokane, F. Nishimura, Y. Morikawa and C. Hamaguchi 
69 
Classification of Cracks in Concrete Slabs using Pattern Recognition Methods
Y. Kusunose, M. Hirokane and H. Furuta 