Preliminaries 
1  FRAME STRUCTURES 

1.1 
Crack Identification in Structures
P.G. Nikolakopoulos, D.E. Katsareas and C.A. Papadopoulos 
1 
1.2 
Automatic Collapse Load Analysis of Regular Plane Frames using the Force Method
K.V. Spiliopoulos and P.G. Souliotis 
9 
1.3 
A Small Combinatorial Problem  Failure Load Analysis of Rigid Frames
A. Miyamura, Y. Kohama and T. Takada 
17 
1.4 
Lateral Stiffness of Plane Reinforced Concrete Frame
A.B. Shuraim 
25 
2  ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF BRIDGES 

2.1 
Rapid Preliminary Assessment of Bending Moments in Bridge Decks
M.J. Ryall and N. Papassotiriou 
37 
2.2 
The Kantorovich  Finite Difference Method and its Application to Bridge Structures
J.Q. Zhao, M.S. Cheung and S.F. Ng 
43 
2.3 
Automatic Design of Prestressed Bridge Decks
A. Samartin and M.A. Utrilla 
47 
2.4 
Comparison of Results from Vibration Testing and Finite Element Analysis of a Highway Bridge
O.S. Salawu, C. Williams and P.J. Hewson 
61 
2.5 
Upstand Grillage Modelling of Bridge Decks
D.L. Keogh and E.J. O'Brien 
71 
2.6 
Strengthening of Puente Duarte: A Suspension Bridge in the Dominican Republic
V. Peshkam and P.S. FasholeLuke 
79 
2.7 
Modal Analysis of an Arch Bridge: Experiment, Finite Element Analysis and Link
Y. Deger, R. Cantieni and S. Pietrzko 
87 
3  ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF STEEL STRUCTURES 

3.1 
Finite Element Analysis to Determine Walkability of ThinWalled Trapezoidal Steel Sheets
F.Y. Gong and R. Baehre 
95 
3.2 
Computer Aided Design of Modular Steel Industrial Crane Support Systems
F. Papp 
101 
3.3 
Behaviour of Extended EndPlate Connections: Comparison Between Finite Element Analysis and Experimental Results
B. Bose, S. Sarkar and M. Bahrami 
107 
3.4 
Accuracy and Reliability of Structural Analysis and Steel Design Software
K.B. Rojiani, M.W. White and S.M. Hemler 
117 
4  NONLINEAR ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 

4.1 
NonLinear Finite Element Analysis of Reinforced Concrete Beams with Embedded Steel Plates
N.K. Subedi and M.S. Abdullah 
127 
4.2 
A Simplified Method to Predict the NonLinear Response of Reinforced Concrete Structures
L. Davenne and C. Brenet 
137 
4.3 
ThreeDimensional Nonlinear Finite Element Analysis of Connections Between Steel Beams and Reinforced Concrete Columns in Hybrid Structures
K. Uchida, A. Mikame and H. Noguchi 
143 
5  ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE PAVEMENTS 

5.1 
Finite Element Analysis of Horizontal Movements on the Highway Pavements Due to Shrinkage
B.W. Jo and D.I. Chang 
151 
5.2 
The Numerical Analysis of Precast Concrete Pavement Units used for Aircraft Runway Intersections
J.W. Bull and C.H. Woodford 
157 
6  REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 

6.1 
Finite Element and Direct Design Method in Combined Torsion, Bending and Shear of Reinforced Concrete
E.A. El Hussein 
165 
6.2 
Finite Element Analysis of Fluted Conical Shell Roof Structures
A.B. Sabir and A.I. Mousa 
173 
6.3 
Finite Element Analysis of PushOut Specimens
C. Androutsos, E. Oguejiofor and M.U. Hosain 
183 
6.4 
The Analysis of Storage Tanks by the Finite Element Method
A.B. Sabir and A.I. Mousa 
189 
7  MASONRY STRUCTURES 

7.1 
A NonLinear Model for the Study of the Effects of 2DGround Motions on Tall Stone Masonry Structures
S. Casolo 
197 
8  SHEAR WALL STRUCTURES 

8.1 
Effects of Flexible Foundations on the Free Vibrations of Coupled Shear Walls
G.Q. Li and B.S. Choo 
211 
8.2 
Static Analysis of MultiStiffened Coupled Shear Walls on Flexible Foundations
B.S. Choo and G.Q. Li 
217 
8.3 
The ElastoPlastic Analysis of Spatial Shear Wall Systems by a Discrete Force Method
D. Johnson and A. Nadjai 
229 
8.4 
NonLinear Behavior of Steel Plate Shear Walls
M. Elgaaly, Y. Liu, V. Caccese, C. Du, R. Chen and D. Martin 
239 
9  SIMULATION OF WIND FLOW AROUND BUILDINGS 

9.1 
Computer Simulation of 3D Wind Flow Around a Building by a Two Layer Method
Y.S. Zhou and T. Stathopoulos 
253 
9.2 
Tall Building Response using Wind Tunnel Force Spectra to Model the AcrossWind and Torsional Components of Gusty Wind
C.E. Demers and P. Jayachandran 
265 
10  GEOTECHNICAL ENGINEERING PROBLEMS 

10.1 
Finite Element Analyses of TiedBack Retaining Wall
E. Comodromos 
275 
11  INTERACTION PROBLEMS 

11.1 
Nonlinear Behavior of Reinforced Concrete Slabs on Tensionless Elastic Foundation
A.A. Khathlan and M.S.A. Abbasi 
285 