Preliminaries 
1  VISUALISATION AND AESTHETICS 

1.1 
The Visualisation of Spatial Structures with Computer Techniques
P. Huybers 
1 
1.2 
Bridge Aesthetics  Educating Engineers
D.R. Morris 
15 
2  DESIGN LOADING 

2.1 
Equivalent Vehicle Load Factors for Slab Design of a Parking Garage
H.G. Kwak and J.Y. Song 
23 
2.2 
Finite Element Analysis of a Cylindrical Silo Shell under Unsymmetrical Pressure Distributions
D. Briassoulis 
31 
2.3 
Structural Behaviour of Cooling Towers under Different Wind Loadings
A. Mosquera, J.A. Jurado and S. Hernandez 
41 
3  DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF STEEL STRUCTURES 

3.1 
Comparative Design Study of MultiStorey Steel Frames using Both the BS 5950 and AISCLRFD Codes
E. Kameshki 
51 
4  DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF CONNECTIONS 

4.1 
Simple Two Dimensional Finite Element Models for the Simulation of the Structural Response of Steel Connections
M.I. Kontoleon, E.S. Mistakidis and C.C. Baniotopoulos 
61 
4.2 
Analysis of Moment Resisting Steel Connections under Reversed Cyclic Loading
C.G. Deng, O.S. Bursi and R. Zandonini 
75 
4.3 
Numerical Analysis for TStub Aluminium Alloy Joints
G. De Matteis, A. Mandara and F.M. Mazzolani 
91 
4.4 
On the Finite Element Modelling of RHS Gap KJoints: Parametric Analysis
T. Gavrielides, D. Vyzoviti, E.S. Mistakidis, C.C. Baniotopoulos and K. Thomopoulos 
105 
4.5 
Finite Element Modelling and Experimental Testing of Single Shear Bolted Joints
H.M. Ramadan, S.A. Mourad, A.A. Rashed and H. Bode 
117 
4.6 
Finite Element Method for EndPlate Joints in Steel Frames
B. Bose, G.K. Youngson and S. Sarkar 
125 
4.7 
Finite Element Modelling of SemiRigid Composite Joints
M. Kattner and M. Crisinel 
135 
4.8 
Effect of Viscous Damping on SemiRigid Khorjinee Steel Framing Connection
M. Tehranizadeh 
145 
5  DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF REINFORCED CONCRETE STRUCTURES 

5.1 
Integrity of Reinforced Concrete Slabs by the Analysis of Response Waveforms
H.C. Tan, O.O.R. Famiyesin and M.S. Imbabi 
155 
5.2 
Punching Shear Failure of Flat Slabs: A Comparison Between Finite Element Predictions and Experiments
B.T. Lim and P. Bhatt 
163 
5.3 
Direct Design for Bending, Torsion and Shear in Reinforced and Partially Prestressed Concrete Beams
P. Bhatt and A. Muzhami 
175 
5.4 
Nonlinear Analysis of Planar Reinforced Concrete Frames
L.J. Leu and J.C. Cheng 
187 
5.5 
Bounding Surface of Reinforced Concrete UShaped Column Elements Subjected to Cyclic Biaxial Bending with Axial Load
M.G. Sfakianakis 
197 
5.6 
Numerical Modelling of Concrete SlabColumn Connections
T. O'Flaherty and R.Y. Xiao 
205 
6  ANALYSIS AND DESIGN OF CIVIL ENGINEERING STRUCTURES 

6.1 
Failure Analysis of Masonry Arches
T. Aoki, A. Miyamura and S. Di Pasquale 
213 
6.2 
Stress History Generation for Truss Bridges using MultiLevel Models
K. Kiss and L. Dunai 
221 
6.3 
Analysis and Design of Tunnel Lining for a Cooling Water System
I.D. Lefas and V.N. Georgiannou 
231 
6.4 
An Economic Design Approach for Helicoidal Stair Slabs based on Finite Element Analysis
A.F.M. Saiful Amin and S. Ahmad 
241 
6.5 
A Novel SnapThrough Buckling Behaviour of Axisymmetric Shallow Shells with Possible Application in Transducer Design
N. Akkas and G. Odeh 
247 
6.6 
Buckling of Guyed Towers
S.A. Saafan and M.N. Fayed 
255 
6.7 
Finite Element Analysis of a Gable Shell Roof
A.I. Mousa 
261 
6.8 
Second Order Analysis of Tall Buildings Considering the Contribution of the Transverse Stiffness of the Slabs
H.M.C. Carmo Antunes and C.H. Martins 
269 
7  SOILSTRUCTURE INTERACTION PROBLEMS 

7.1 
Dynamic Behaviour of Tall Building SoilStructure Interaction
M. Tehranizadeh 
281 
7.2 
A Design Supporting System to Model SoilStructure Interaction
J. Diaz and U. Meissner 
289 
7.3 
Shallow Spherical Shells on Tensionless Elastic Foundations
T. Hong and J.G. Teng 
295 
8  EARTHQUAKE ENGINEERING 

8.1 
Seismic Response of Secondary Systems
H. Megahed, S. Elzeiny and M. Sobaih 
301 
8.2 
A Damage Model for Seismic Retrofitting of Structures
R. Perera, A. Carnicero, E. Alarcon and S. Gomez 
309 
9  ANALYSIS OF OFFSHORE STRUCTURES 

9.1 
The Plastic Buckling of Varying Thickness Circular Cylinders under External Hydrostatic Pressure
C.T.F. Ross and A. GillCarson 
317 
9.2 
Buckling under External Pressure of Closed Toroids with Circular and Elliptical Cross Sections
J. Blachut and O.R. Jaiswal 
323 
9.3 
The Vibration and Instability of TubeStiffened Axisymmetric Shells under External Hydrostatic Pressure
C.T.F. Ross and J. Etheridge 
335 
9.4 
Numerical Strategies for the Nonlinear Analysis of Tubular Framed Structures for Offshore Oil Exploitation
P.F.N. Rodrigues and B.P. Jacob 
343 
9.5 
Effects of Structure Spatial Extent on Frequency Domain Analysis of Offshore Jacket Platforms
M. Hartnett and P. Mitchell 
351 
9.6 
Validation of an Efficient Computer Model for Spectral Analysis of Offshore Platforms
M. Hartnett and P. Mitchell 
359 
10  SIMULATION OF DYNAMIC PROBLEMS 

10.1 
Computer Simulation of Explosion Effects under Concrete Runways
J.W. Bull and C.H. Woodford 
369 
10.2 
Appearance of Resonance Vibration on Railway Bridges
L. Fryba and J. Naprstek 
377 
11  DESIGN AND ANALYSIS OF GEOTECHNICAL STRUCTURES 

11.1 
Numerical Modelling of Granular Foundations using Two Different Stress Correction Algorithms
P.K. Woodward 
383 
11.2 
Interaction Effects in Laterally Loaded Pile Groups
B.M. Lehane and B.A. McCabe 
393 
11.3 
Employment of Infinite Elements in Excavation and Tunneling Problems
T.T. AbdelFattah, H.A. Hodhod and A.Y. Akl 
401 
11.4 
Interaction of Stabilized Aggregate Base/Subbase with Subgrades
K. Pandey, M. Zaman and J.G. Laguros 
409 
11.5 
Circular Plates on Elastic Foundations Modelled with Annular Plates
M. Utku, C. Citipitioglu and I. Inceleme 
419 
11.6 
Numerical Simulation for the Effect of Soil Defects on the Superstructure of MultiStorey Frame Buildings
K.M. El Zahaby and T.T. AbdelFattah 
429 
12  COMPUTATIONAL SOFTWARE DEVELOPMENTS 

12.1 
A Modified Large Capacity Frontal Solver for Structural Analysis
T.T. AbdelFattah, M.T. AbdelFattah and H.A. Ibrahim 
437 
13  PRODUCT DEVELOPMENT 

13.1 
Synthesis based Software Engineering Design for Automotive Industry
M. Isreb and A.I. Khan 
443 
14  CIVIL ENGINEERING PROJECT CONTROL AND MANAGEMENT 

14.1 
An Algorithm for Determining the Optimal Duration of Large Projects
A.P. Chassiakos, C.I. Samaras and D.D. Theodorakopoulos 
449 
14.2 
Application of Extranet in Construction Project Management
A.P. Chassiakos and N. Bogonikolos 
455 