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PROCEEDINGS OF THE TWELFTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURES TECHNOLOGY
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping and P. Iványi
Modifications in the Dynamic Properties of a Structure due to Human Actions
J. Fernández, L. Hermanns, A. Fraile and E. Alarcón
Department of Structural Mechanics and Industrial Constructions, University of Technology Madrid, Spain
J. Fernández, L. Hermanns, A. Fraile, E. Alarcón, "Modifications in the Dynamic Properties of a Structure due to Human Actions", in B.H.V. Topping, P. Iványi, (Editors), "Proceedings of the Twelfth International Conference on Computational Structures Technology", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 72, 2014. doi:10.4203/ccp.106.72
Keywords: human induced vibration, damping ratio, operational modal analysis, structure dynamic properties..
The interest for modelling of human actions acting on structures has been recurrent since the first accidents on suspension bridges in the nineteenth century such as Broughton (1831) in the U.K. or Angers (1850) in France. Stadiums, gymnasiums are other types of structure where human induced vibration is very important. In these structures a particular phenomenon appears such as the interaction personstructure (lock-in), the person-person synchronization, and the influence of the mass and damping of the people in the structural behaviour. This paper focuses on the latter topic.
In order to evaluate these property modifications several tests have been carried out on a stand-alone building. For the test an electro-dynamic shaker was installed at a fixed point of the gym slab and different groups of people were located around the shaker.
The dynamic characteristics of the structure without people inside have been calculated by two methods: using a three-dimensional finite element model of the building and by operational modal analysis. These calculated experimental and numerical values are the reference values used to evaluate the modifications in the dynamic properties of the structure.
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