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PROCEEDINGS OF THE EIGHTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON COMPUTATIONAL STRUCTURES TECHNOLOGY
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping, G. Montero and R. Montenegro
Damage Identification of Simply-Supported Beams Using Dynamic Analysis: Experimental and Theoretical Aspects
F. Garcés12, P. Garciia1, C. Genatios1, A. Mébarki2 and M. Lafuente1
1Instituto de Materials y Modelos Estructurales (IMME), Universidad Central de Venezuela, Caracas, Venezuela
, "Damage Identification of Simply-Supported Beams Using Dynamic Analysis: Experimental and Theoretical Aspects", in B.H.V. Topping, G. Montero, R. Montenegro, (Editors), "Proceedings of the Eighth International Conference on Computational Structures Technology", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 293, 2006. doi:10.4203/ccp.83.293
Keywords: modal analyses, damage, identification, dynamics, experiments, simulations.
This study presents a theoretical methodology that might be applied in order to evaluate the existing mechanical damage that affects beams, in the case of bridges, for example. The application of this method is based on the knowledge of the system mass matrix and two experimental eigenvalues of the modal frequency and the corresponding modal shapes. Dynamic tests are performed on simply-supported metallic beams. Actually, during free vibration tests, the structural response is measured in terms of structural accelerations. These accelerations are processed with an existing methodology and the modal frequencies and the corresponding modal shapes are therefore derived. The preliminary damage, before tests, is due to an adopted area reduction. Various damage conditions are tested: In Figure 1 up to three areas are damaged among the five possible sections.
The theoretical methodology proposed in this paper allows therefore the assessment of the structural damage that affects the beam. The theoretical developments are described, in the present study. Actually, the "experimental" eigenvectors should be corrected in order to guarantee the orthogonality between the modes and also the orthogonality with the mass matrix, this latter being known.
For the beam shown in Figure 1, the flexibility matrix, mass matrix, and the two eigenvalues are substituted into the equilibrium dynamic equation
After various algebraic steps described in the paper, one obtains a linear system:
where the vector expresses the "stiffness" values, , for each of the constitutive sections shown in Figure 1. Some of the values of the matrix and the vector give the following:
with = length span , the mass coefficient, coordinate of eigenvector , and modal frequency .
Free vibration tests are performed by applying initial displacement or initial velocity conditions to one wide flanged beam, of 4 meters in length. The simply-supported beam was theoretically divided into five constitutive sections, each having the same length. Acceleration was measured at different points on the beam (four locations in the present study). One of up to three cross sections (at mid-length of the constitutive sections) was therefore damaged as their area is reduced. Accelerations are measured with four different damage conditions:
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