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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 24
ADVANCES IN NON-LINEAR FINITE ELEMENT METHODS
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping and M. Papadrakakis
Paper VII.5

Matrix Damage Analysis of Fibrous Composites

Y.W. Kwon and J.M. Berner

Department of Mechanical Engineering, Naval Postgraduate School, Monterey, California, United States of America

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
Y.W. Kwon, J.M. Berner, "Matrix Damage Analysis of Fibrous Composites", in B.H.V. Topping, M. Papadrakakis, (Editors), "Advances in Non-Linear Finite Element Methods", Civil-Comp Press, Edinburgh, UK, pp 221-227, 1994. doi:10.4203/ccp.24.7.5
Abstract
A simplified micromechanics model and a damage function are incorporated into a finite element analysis program for laminated fibrous composite structures in order to investigate the effects of microscale damages on the structural response. The computer program can analyze both fiber failure and matrix cracking. However, the present study focuses on matrix cracking. In the present study, two kinds of problems are solved using the computer program. The first problem is to investigate effects of contiguous stacking of 90° layers in cross-ply composites on reduction of composite stiffness. The analyses show that more contiguous stacking of 90° layers in cross-ply composites causes a greater stiffness reduction for the same amount of matrix cracking. The second problem studies the effect of thermal residual stresses on the composite stiffness reduction. The results show that the thermal residual stresses play an important role in matrix cracking of fibrous composites.

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