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International Journal of Railway Technology
IJRT, Volume 2, Issue 2, 2013
Concepts and Simulated Testing of Active Railway-Wheels
P. Lorsch1,2, S. Algermissen1 and M. Sinapius2
1Institute of Composite Structures and Adaptive Systems, German Aerospace Center, Braunschweig
P. Lorsch, S. Algermissen, M. Sinapius, "Concepts and Simulated Testing of Active Railway-Wheels", International Journal of Railway Technology, 2(2), 65-78, 2013. doi:10.4203/ijrt.2.2.3
Keywords: finite element method, active vibration control, Hinf-control, railway noise.
The prevention of noise pollution has become one of the major concerns in science in general. Transportation systems especially have come into focus and as a particularly sensitive point the noise of railways and trains. Several passive methods have evolved to reduce the noise emission of trains in recent decades. Within the project "Next-Generation-Train" governed by the German Aerospace Center (DLR) new active methods for noise reduction are reviewed.
This paper focuses on the sound radiation of wheels and thereby reviews different concepts for including active materials and sensors into a wheel. Firstly patchactuators are applied to the web and secondly stack-actuators are positioned normal to the web. These concepts are thoroughly simulated to sufficiently control the inherent vibrations of the wheel. The most effective solution is selected. This solution is being transferred into a modal state-space system and exported from the finite element simulation. A tool synthesizes a suboptimal H8-controller for the active wheel using the normal surface velocity as the controlled variable.
Simulations of the control loop show that active reduction of vibration is possible with the chosen concept. Reductions of normal surface velocity of up to 20 dB are achieved. In comparison to existing passive methods this reduction is quite respectable and encourages further testing on this issue.
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