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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 95
Edited by: P. Iványi and B.H.V. Topping
Paper 67

Finite Element based Structural Optimization using Object-Oriented Parallel Programming

H. Masching, M. Fischer, M. Firl and K.-U. Bletzinger

Chair of Structural Analysis, Technische Universität München, Germany

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
H. Masching, M. Fischer, M. Firl, K.-U. Bletzinger, "Finite Element based Structural Optimization using Object-Oriented Parallel Programming", in P. Iványi, B.H.V. Topping, (Editors), "Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Parallel, Distributed, Grid and Cloud Computing for Engineering", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 67, 2011. doi:10.4203/ccp.95.67
Keywords: structural optimization, finite element based optimization, parameter-free optimization, parallel programming, object-oriented programming, finite element method, C++.

The field of computational structural analysis is gaining more and more importance in product design. In order to obtain an impression about possible approaches of design improvement already in an early planning phase, an efficient optimization tool is required that needs little modelling effort. This demand can be satisfied by a combined analysis and optimization tool working on the same model. For this purpose the finite element based optimization method is an excellent approach, leading to the highest possible diversity within the optimization process [1].

The advantages of an object-oriented and module-like structured finite element code including an optimization toolbox are presented. Additionally different approaches of parallel optimization strategies are compared and a short insight into a domain decomposition based parallel simulation and optimization is given, including the HALO approach in order to limit computational overhead due to inter-process communication.

In order to overcome the problem of increasing computational cost arising from the large design space an efficient method of semi-analytic sensitivity analysis [2] using an adjoint formulation is presented.

Beside programming and numerical topics the necessity for the consideration of nonlinear kinematics in analysis and optimization [3] is shown using a practical example. In this example the potential of nonlinear optimization in combination with the huge design space provided by a parameter-free optimization approach becomes obvious and the excellent parallel performance of a fully parallelized analysis and optimization tool is shown using standard office computers.

K.-U. Bletzinger, M. Firl, J. Linhard, R. Wüchner, "Optimal Shapes of Mechanically Motivated Structures", Comput. Methods Appl. Mech. Engrg., 2009.
K.-U. Bletzinger, M. Firl, F. Daoud, "Approximation of Derivatives in Semi-Analytical Structural Optimization", Computers and Structures, 86(13-14), 1404-1416, 2008. doi:10.1016/j.compstruc.2007.04.014
M. Fischer, M. Firl, H. Masching, K.-U. Bletzinger, "Optimization of Nonlinear Structures based on Object-Oriented Parallel Programming", in B.H.V. Topping, J.M. Adam, F.J. Pallarés, R. Bru and M.L. Romero, (Editors), "Proceedings of the Seventh International Conference on Engineering Computational Technology", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, United Kingdom, paper 67, 2010. doi:10.4203/ccp.94.67

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