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CivilComp Proceedings
ISSN 17593433 CCP: 92
PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIRST INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON SOFT COMPUTING TECHNOLOGY IN CIVIL, STRUCTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING Edited by: B.H.V. Topping and Y. Tsompanakis
Paper 14
Calibrating Conceptual RainfallRunoff Models using a Real Genetic Algorithm A.R. Awad^{1} and I. Von Poser^{2}
^{1}Department of Environmental Engineering, Faculty of Civil Engineering, Tishreen University, Lattakia, Syria
A.R. Awad, I. Von Poser, "Calibrating Conceptual RainfallRunoff Models using a Real Genetic Algorithm", in B.H.V. Topping, Y. Tsompanakis, (Editors), "Proceedings of the First International Conference on Soft Computing Technology in Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering", CivilComp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 14, 2009. doi:10.4203/ccp.92.14
Keywords: real genetic algorithm, rainfallrunoff modeling, Alkabir Alshimali catchment data, model calibration, sequential simplex method.
Summary
The paper provides an accurate estimate of the factors affecting the urban rainfallrunoff quantity and quality using real genetic algorithms. In this paper a new genetic algorithm (GA) technique for optimal solving the calibrating problem of rainfallrunoff models has been applied. This methodology is considered original because the real representation in it takes all kind of codes (binary, integer, or real) without any need to transfer from one to another, i.e. our GA, using a chromosome as a unit, works equally well with integer and noninteger decision variables. This is a specific characteristic that distinguishes our realcoding GA from other (binary, Gray, or integer) coding GAs. Thus the encoding scheme used in this paper has proved to have the property of matching the effective problem search space with the GA search space.
Our rainfallrunoff model is very similar to Xinanjiang Rainfallrunoff model developed by Zhao et al.. It consists of two components dealing with water balance and routing, respectively [1]. A total of seven parameters are thus contained in the model. All of them are to be calibrated by minimizing the residual variance defined as the sum of squares of differences between computed and observed discharges. The model developed by the authors was applied to calibrate the data of the developed rainfallrunoff model for the AlKabeer AlShimali river catchment (1200km2) where the terrain rolls gently and the climate is moderate, east of Lattakia city, using the real genetic algorithm for optimization. As for the case study, there are seven decision variables to be made concerning the hydrological model. A real string made of substrings is used for representing the problem in a suitable form for use within a GA. This string (chromosome) of seven genes represents a rainfallrunoff model consisting of seven variables, i.e. all seven parameters of the model are optimized. The parameters used for implementing our GA technique in the real example are the population size of 80 with probabilities of 0.8 for crossover and 0.04 for mutation. The optimization was carried out over 50 generations. All of the seven parameters of the model have been optimized in ten runs. Each run started from a different set of randomly selected initial points in the search space and with 4000 objective function evaluation. All ten runs proved to be able to locate the global optima. The paper ends with the already known fact that the real GA can provide an efficient and robust means for calibrating the newly developed rainfallrunoff model. The real GA can further contribute in calibrating other hydrological models and can also be very useful in solving many different inverse problems and operation research problems in environmental modeling. References
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