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International Journal of Railway Technology
ISSN 2049-5358
IJRT, Volume 1, Issue 2, 2012
Shape Optimization of High Speed Trains using Adjoint-Based Computational Fluid Dynamics
D. Jakubek, S. Herzog and C. Wagner

Institute of Aerodynamics and Flow Technology, German Aerospace Center (DLR), Göttingen, Germany

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
D. Jakubek, S. Herzog, C. Wagner, "Shape Optimization of High Speed Trains using Adjoint-Based Computational Fluid Dynamics", International Journal of Railway Technology, 1(2), 67-88, 2012. doi:10.4203/ijrt.1.2.4
Keywords: high-speed trains, numerical aerodynamics, shape optimization, adjoint methods, mesh morphing, radial basis functions, filtered gradients.

The operating conditions of modern high-speed trains require optimized aerodynamic shapes, which can be developed during the design phase using efficient numerical methods. In this context, many of the interesting aerodynamic features can be determined numerically by solving the Reynolds-averaged Navier-Stokes (RANS) equations. The focus of the study presented is to explore how far adjoint-based shape optimization using the continuous approach in conjunction with filtered gradients and CAD-free mesh morphing based on radial basis function interpolation are capable of meeting the requirements of aerodynamic train design. The results presented considering shape optimization with regard to the generated pressure wave in external flows reveal the feasibility and capability of the developed process chain. This paper is based upon Jakubek et al.. The current version includes new results from modified test cases.

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