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DEVELOPMENTS IN PARALLEL, DISTRIBUTED, GRID AND CLOUD COMPUTING FOR ENGINEERING
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping and P. Iványi
Parallel Computing in Selected Civil Engineering Problems
J. Kruis1, T. Koudelka1, T. Krejcí1, J. Madera2, M. Šejnoha1 and J. Sýkora1
1Department of Mechanics
J. Kruis, T. Koudelka, T. Krejcí, J. Madera, M. ejnoha, J. Sýkora, "Parallel Computing in Selected Civil Engineering Problems", in B.H.V. Topping and P. Iványi, (Editor), "Developments in Parallel, Distributed, Grid and Cloud Computing for Engineering", Saxe-Coburg Publications, Stirlingshire, UK, Chapter 4, pp 67-94, 2013. doi:10.4203/csets.31.4
Keywords: parallel computing, coupled problems, hygro-thermo-mechanical analysis, domain decomposition method, multi-scale method.
This chapter describes selected real world engineering problems solved on parallel computers with the help of domain decomposition methods. The problems solved are three-dimensional, non-linear, time dependent and some of them have to be solved in a multi-scale framework. The numbers of degrees of freedom in finite element meshes and the number of time steps are so large that single processor computers are not able to deal with the problems and parallel computers have to be used. The coupled hygro-thermo-mechanical analysis of a reactor vessel, the coupled heat and moisture transfer in building brick and the coupled heat and moisture transfer in the historical Charles bridge in Prague are described in this chapter.
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