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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 16
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping and A.I. Khan
Paper IV.2

Runoff Volume Estimates with Neural Networks

S.Y. Liong and W.T. Chan

Department of Civil Engineering, National University of Singapore, Singapore

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
S.Y. Liong, W.T. Chan, "Runoff Volume Estimates with Neural Networks", in B.H.V. Topping, A.I. Khan, (Editors), "Neural Networks & Combinatorial Optimization in Civil & Structural Engineering", Civil-Comp Press, Edinburgh, UK, pp 67-70, 1993. doi:10.4203/ccp.16.4.2
This paper presents a study of the application of a neural network to forecast storm runoff volumes from a catchment, the Upper Bukit Timah (UBT) catchment, in Singapore. A widely used catchment model, SWMM , was applied to generate 3 sets of 273 runoff volume data from the UBT catchment. Each set of the 273 data was simulated for one storm event at various values of the calibration parameters. This data set was required in the catchment calibration method suggested by Ibrahim and Liong to construct a response surface relating an objective function and the calibration parameters. A back-propagation neural forecaster with a non-linear Sigmoid activation function was trained to mimic the SWMM simulations. After training, the forecaster was tested on SWMM's simulation results of seven other storms. The comparisons show that the trained neural forecaster not only can predict the runoff volumes in a much shorter time but also results in low prediction errors.

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