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PROCEEDINGS OF THE THIRD INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON RAILWAY TECHNOLOGY: RESEARCH, DEVELOPMENT AND MAINTENANCE
Edited by: J. Pombo
The Use of Alternative Fuels in Mass Transport Vehicles
A. Merkisz-Guranowska1, P. Daszkiewicz2, M. Andrzejewski2 and L. Stawecki1
1Faculty of Machines and Transport, Poznan University of Technology, Poland
A. Merkisz-Guranowska, P. Daszkiewicz, M. Andrzejewski, L. Stawecki, "The Use of Alternative Fuels in Mass Transport Vehicles", in J. Pombo, (Editor), "Proceedings of the Third International Conference on Railway Technology: Research, Development and Maintenance", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 299, 2016. doi:10.4203/ccp.110.299
Keywords: mass transport vehicles, alternative fuels, fuel consumption, emission of toxic compounds, environmental protection, combustion engines.
In recent years there has been a significant increase in world population, thus there is a growing demand for transport. To meet this demand it is necessary to ensure the sustainable development of the automotive industry so as not to increase the pollution of the environment. Changes in the limitation of emissions of toxic compounds force changes in the design of engines and the use of modern and effective exhaust gas after treatment systems of the engine improve the operation of vehicles. The reduction of pollutant emissions and fuel consumption can also be achieved through the use of alternative fuels, as well as their co-firing with conventional fuels including gas fuels. This paper presents the results of the exhaust emissions tests of mass transport vehicles. The differences in the concentrations of toxic compounds in the exhaust systems of vehicles powered by conventional and alternative fuels in terms of environmental protection and fuel consumption reduction have been shown.
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