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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 108
PROCEEDINGS OF THE FIFTEENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CIVIL, STRUCTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING COMPUTING
Edited by: J. Kruis, Y. Tsompanakis and B.H.V. Topping
Paper 218

Running High Resolution Coastal Forecasts: Moving from Grid to Cloud Resources

J. Rogeiro, A. Azevedo, M. Rodrigues and A. Oliveira

Hydraulics and Environment Department, National Laboratory of Civil Engineering, Lisbon, Portugal

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
J. Rogeiro, A. Azevedo, M. Rodrigues, A. Oliveira, "Running High Resolution Coastal Forecasts: Moving from Grid to Cloud Resources", in J. Kruis, Y. Tsompanakis, B.H.V. Topping, (Editors), "Proceedings of the Fifteenth International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 218, 2015. doi:10.4203/ccp.108.218
Keywords: cloud, grid, parallel computing, forecast systems, numerical models, optimal performance.

Summary
Computational forecast systems (CFS) are essential tools for daily and emergency coastal management by providing water dynamics predictions, through integration of numerical models and field data. The reliability of their predictions depends greatly on the parallel models' accuracy, but achieving the adequate resolution in spatial discretizations for port-to-ocean, multi-scale analysis is often hampered by computational costs.

Nowadays forecast systems are processed in dedicated workstations, fulfilling robustness and quality control through automatic comparison with field data and simulation redundancy. Recently, CFS has been ported to HPC grids with significant success, but requiring highly-specialized staff to maintaining them in these complex environments. The need to increase the available resources and to export CFS to coastal managers has promoted the search for simpler approaches. The scalability and flexibility of cloud resources, along with dedicated services for facilitating their use, makes them an attractive option.

In this paper, the performance of operational coastal forecast systems are assessed and compared for the first time in multiple environments, including local workstations, grids and a pilot cloud. The analysis is conducted in a range of resources from the physical processor number available at the cloud to the optimal number of processors for the specific cases.

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