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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 104
Edited by: J. Pombo
Paper 147

Analysis of Pantograph-Catenary Dynamic Performance in Consideration of Fluid-Solid Coupled Vibration of Pantograph

R. Li, N. Zhou, G. Mei and W. Zhang

State Key Laboratory of Traction Power, Southwest Jiaotong University, Chengdu, Sichuan, China

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
R. Li, N. Zhou, G. Mei, W. Zhang, "Analysis of Pantograph-Catenary Dynamic Performance in Consideration of Fluid-Solid Coupled Vibration of Pantograph", in J. Pombo, (Editor), "Proceedings of the Second International Conference on Railway Technology: Research, Development and Maintenance", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 147, 2014. doi:10.4203/ccp.104.147
Keywords: pantograph-catenary interaction, aerodynamics, interaction, co-simulation.

The aim of this paper is to investigate the influence of the aerodynamic forces of pantograph on the dynamic performances of pantograph-catenary system. Based on the pantograph-catenary coupling dynamics and aerodynamics, a co-simulation method considering the interaction between a pantograph and airflow is presented in this paper. The aerodynamic forces of the pantograph were computed by the finite volume method and the dynamic behaviours of the pantograph were obtained by the finite element method. In this method, the displacements of the pantograph calculated by the pantograph-catenary coupling dynamics procedure were transmitted to the aerodynamic model of the pantograph and the dynamic mesh method was used to realize the motion of the pantograph in every simulation time step. Similarly, the aerodynamic forces, of the pantograph applied on the model of pantograph-catenary coupling dynamics, were obtained by the updated aerodynamic model of the pantograph. A monitor program was designed to solve the problem caused by the difference of the time needed for calculation between the computational fluid dynamics and the pantograph-catenary coupling dynamics. Aerodynamic forces and dynamic performances of the pantograph were numerically simulated at a speed of 300 km/h. Results show that the interaction between the airflow and the pantograph has great effects on aerodynamic forces, contact forces and displacements of the contact wire. Consequently, it is necessary to consider the interaction between airflow and a pantograph to study the influences of the aerodynamic forces on the dynamic behaviours of pantograph and catenary.

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