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PROCEEDINGS OF THE FOURTEENTH INTERNATIONAL CONFERENCE ON CIVIL, STRUCTURAL AND ENVIRONMENTAL ENGINEERING COMPUTING
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping and P. Iványi
Environmental Impact Assessment of the Life Cycle of a Timber Building
D.N. Kaziolas1, I. Zygomalas2, G.E. Stavroulakis3 and C.C. Baniotopoulos4
1Technological Educational Institute of Kavala, Kavala, Greece
D.N. Kaziolas, I. Zygomalas, G.E. Stavroulakis, C.C. Baniotopoulos, "Environmental Impact Assessment of the Life Cycle of a Timber Building", in B.H.V. Topping, P. Iványi, (Editors), "Proceedings of the Fourteenth International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 149, 2013. doi:10.4203/ccp.102.149
Keywords: timber structures, timber buildings, environmental impact, life cycle assessment.
Timber construction offers a number of advantages in terms of sustainability in comparison with other construction technologies. This can partly be attributed to the fact that structural timber products often require less processing for their manufacturing compared to other construction products and their sustainability is therefore relatively increased. As a result, structures such as timber buildings are associated with increased sustainability potential and are therefore selected as sustainable solutions for the construction of housing, commercial or other types of building projects. The current research, described in this paper, is aimed at the quantification of the environmental impact caused by the construction of timber buildings. A case study is used as the basis for the calculations which take into account the whole life cycle of the timber building examined. A life cycle assessment is conducted and the environmental impact assessment results are calculated according to the Eco-Indicator 99 methodology. The interpretation of the results leads to conclusions regarding the level and type of environmental impact caused by the life cycle of timber building projects.
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