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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 86
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping
Paper 72

Modelling Pedestrian Support Based on Space Perception

K. Monobe1, S. Tanaka2, H. Furuta2 and D. Mochinaga3

1School of Project Design, Miyagi University, Japan
2Faculty of Informatics, 3Graduate School of Informatics,
Kansai University, Osaka, Japan

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
K. Monobe, S. Tanaka, H. Furuta, D. Mochinaga, "Modelling Pedestrian Support Based on Space Perception", in B.H.V. Topping, (Editor), "Proceedings of the Eleventh International Conference on Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering Computing", Civil-Comp Press, Stirlingshire, UK, Paper 72, 2007. doi:10.4203/ccp.86.72
Keywords: GIS, pedestrian traffic, space perception, optimum arrangement, landmark, disaster prevention.

Recently, for the advance of information technologies, a pedestrian traffic support like navigation system with mobile phone is spreading. In pedestrian traffic, it is important to consider space perception. The city planning, the transport planning, mobile GIS and disaster prevention need to consider space perception too. In this research, we investigate how to make a hand-written map, to understand the feature of spatial perception for the pedestrian. Using the information obtained by the investigation, we made a model showing the type and position of landmarks that are important for the pedestrian traffic. Using the model, a system for making a route guide map that is one of the methods to support pedestrian traffic is developed. This research is composed of the following two functions:
  1. Making a model of landmarks
  2. Developing a system for making a route guide map

In this research, to develop a system for making a route guide map to support pedestrian traffic, a model of landmarks arranged on the map was made. The model used in this research is made by calculating the appearance rate of the type of landmark and the arrangement position from the investigation to make a hand-written map. The model is used for the route guide map to decide the size of icon and label, colour, type arranged on the route guide map. The model was made in consideration of the cognitive map used when people move.

The system for making a route guide map can make a route guide map where landmarks and labels were arranged at the best positions based on the model. For the base data of the route guide map, a digital 1:25,000 scale map is used in this system. This system consists of the following three functions:

  1. Map information extraction function
  2. Landmark arrangement function
  3. Label adjustment function

First, map information is extracted from the data of digital map by the XML form. Second, landmarks are arranged and labels are adjusted on extracted map information using the model. Finally, a route guide map for pedestrian traffic support, based on the model, is output.

In Japan, a number of disasters such as earthquakes and typhoons happen. Therefore, it is necessary to induce the resident to the refuge smoothly. It is important to arrange the guide display to the refuge at optimum position. Then, it is possible to contribute to disaster prevention by arranging the guide display at the point that the person easily recognises by using the model we made.

In this research, the model of landmark was made and the system for making a route guide map is developed. It is thought that the function of mounting this system is effective to making the route guide. Moreover, it could be shown that it is useful to make cognitive map, because the user could find the landmark easily. The model made by this research can be applied to various fields such as disaster preventions and navigation systems.

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