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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 42
ADVANCES IN COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR SIMULATION
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping
Paper V.7

Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis for Integral Bridges

B.M. Lehane, D.L. Keogh and E.J. O'Brien

Department of Civil, Structural and Environmental Engineering, Trinity College, Dublin, Ireland

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
B.M. Lehane, D.L. Keogh, E.J. O'Brien, "Soil-Structure Interaction Analysis for Integral Bridges", in B.H.V. Topping, (Editor), "Advances in Computational Methods for Simulation", Civil-Comp Press, Edinburgh, UK, pp 201-210, 1996. doi:10.4203/ccp.42.5.7
Abstract
This paper presents the formulation of a simple method for the prediction of the additional stresses induced in frame type integral bridges due to thermal expansion of the deck. These stresses are controlled to a large extent by the restraint provided to the deck by, the backfill soil adjacent to the abutments. The first part of the paper develops a realistic means of assessing appropriate stiffness values Tor the backfill: the approach presented makes use of results from recent high quality laboratory soil testing. A boundary clement type approach is then used to derive approximate general expressions, written in terms of the soil stiffness and the flexural rigidity of the abutment, for the lateral and rotational restraint provided by both the abutment and soil. These expressions are subsequently manipulated into a form that enables designers to make use of standard frame analysis computer programs for the prediction or thermal expansion effects. The proposed method is shown to compare well with predictions obtained using a finite element model of the soil and structure.

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