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Civil-Comp Proceedings
ISSN 1759-3433
CCP: 42
ADVANCES IN COMPUTATIONAL METHODS FOR SIMULATION
Edited by: B.H.V. Topping
Paper I.5

Mechanical Model of Net Reinforced Blood Vessel

F. Carli* and M. Martelli#

*University of Pavia, Department of Structural Mechanics, Pavia, Italy
#University of Trento, Department of Structural Mechanics and Automatic Design, Trento, Italy

Full Bibliographic Reference for this paper
F. Carli, M. Martelli, "Mechanical Model of Net Reinforced Blood Vessel", in B.H.V. Topping, (Editor), "Advances in Computational Methods for Simulation", Civil-Comp Press, Edinburgh, UK, pp 35-43, 1996. doi:10.4203/ccp.42.1.5
Abstract
The mechanical behaviour of a blood vessel, reinforced by a net prosthesis firmly connected to the internal wall of the arteria is studied in this paper. The main aim of the net prosthesis insertion is to stop or at least slow down the progressive deformation of the wall due to progressive degeneration of the elastic fibers in the aneurysmatic aorta. The analytical approach is performed introducing some simplifying assumptions: from the geometrical point of view, the blood vessel is modelled as a cylindrical tube reinforced by a prosthesis net with rectangular mesh directed along the main axis and from the mechanical point of view, the artery wall is supposed to be an isotropic membrane with linear elastic constitutive law. At the current stage the entire blood pressure load is assumed to be carried only by the transverse rods of the prosthesis net, disregarding the mechanical contribution due to the longitudinal ones. The structural problem is solved following the hypothesis of small strains but large displacements. Besides the simplified analytical approach a more detailed finite element model is set up. The three fundamental layers along the cross section of the aorta to obey a nonlinear stress-strain relationship. The preliminary results obtained seem encourage deeper investigations both for the surgical and the mechanical aspects.

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